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El-102

Principles of Electricity-HI

QuestionAnswer
What do you call a constant and even flowing current traveling in one direction? Direct current (DC)
What are the 2 types of electrical current? 1.) Alternating current (AC) 2.) Direct current (DC)
Why would two magnets repel each other? Both poles are the same
What does friction, magnetism, and chemical actions produce? Electricity
This is the smallest unit of matter into which a substance can be divided without losing it's basic properties. Molecule
Electricity flows from the ____ pole to the ____ pole. From the negative pole to the positive pole
What produces light, heat, and energy? Electricity
Which current does not produce a chemical effect? High frequency
What are two other names for direct current? 1.) Galvanic 2.) Electrolysis (true)
List 3 examples of magnetic materials. 1.) Iron 2.) Nickel 3.) Cobalt
What do you call a natural magnet? Lodestone/magnetite
What do you call the flow of electrons along a conductor? Electricity
The indifferent electrode or inactive electrode is used during which modality? Galvanic
In electrolysis treatment, which pole is being used inside the follicle? Cathode (negative pole)
What do you call a device that is used to change alternating current to direct current? Rectifier
What do you call a device that is used to change direct current to alternating current? Converter
What is the unit measurement for "power"? Watt
What do you call a "quantity or count of electrons"? Coulomb
What is the unit measurement for "pressure"? Volt
What is the unit measurement for "resistance"? Ohm
What is the unit measurement for "strength"? Ampere
Copper, water, the human body, and electrodes are all considered to be what? Conductors
What do you call a substance that readily transmits the flow of electrons? Conductor
This device is used in alternating current to either step up or step down the voltage. Transformer
What do you call a rapid oscillating current of high voltage and low amperage? High frequency current
What do you call the points in a circuit in which a chemical action can take place? Electrodes
The path or course through which a current can move is called what? Circuit
What do you call the intensity control which regulates the strength of a current? Rheostat
What do you call an alternating current that has low voltage and low amperage? Sinusoidal current
What do you call a device that is used to produce a higher frequency current? Oscillator
What do you call the post treatment procedure that uses the positive anode pole to produce an acid effect on the skin? Cataphoresis
What do you call the pretreatment procedure that uses the negative cathode pole to produce an alkaline effect on the skin? Anaphoresis
What is the technical name for the positive pole? Anode
What is the technical name for the negative pole? Cathode
What is the chemical compound for hydrochloric acid? HCl
What is the chemical compound for sodium hydroxide? NaOH
What 3 chemicals are produced at the positive anode pole? 1.) Hydrochloric acid (HCl) 2.) Chlorine gas (Cl) 3.) Oxygen gas (O)
What 3 chemicals are produced at the negative cathode pole? 1.) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH, lye) 2.) Chlorine gas (Cl) 3.) Hydrogen gas (H)
What is the method of destruction for galvanic current? Chemical decomposition
During galvanic or blend treatments, which electrode is the client holding? Anode (positive)
Which modality creates chemicals only? Galvanic
What does desiccate mean? Removal of moisture (to dry out)
What does coagulate mean? To cook or to congeal
What are the 2 methods of destruction for high frequency or thermolysis current? 1.) Electrodessication 2.) Electrocoagulation
Which current produces heat only? High frequency current
The mode or manner in which electricity is used to produce a therapeutic effect is referred to as what? Modality
According to Ohm's Law, amperage is equal to voltage divided by ____? Ohms (resistance)
What measurement of milliampere do we use in galvanic current? One tenth milliamperes
What is 1 one thousandths (1/1000) of an ampere? Milliampere
What do you call electricity at rest? Static electricity
Name two safety devices that stops electrical current from flowing? 1.) Fuse 2.) Circuit breaker
What do you call a circuit that has been interrupted? Open circuit
What do call a circuit in which the current is flowing? Closed circuit
Rubber, plastic, glass, wood, and hair are all considered to be what? Insulators
What do you call a substance that resists the passage of an electrical current? Insulator
What do you call a rapid and interrupted current that flows first in one direction then reverses its flow in the opposite direction? Alternating current (AC)
What do you call a wire that is attached from the regular circuit for the purpose of using the ground as one of the poles? Ground circuit
What is a common example a "ground circuit"? 3 prong plug
What is a device that stores an electrical charge? Capacitor
Created by: ElectricEsti