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MSN Chapter 10

End of Life

TermDefinition
Palliative care any form of care or treatment that focuses on reducing the severity of disease symptoms, rather than trying to delay or reverse the progression of the disease itself or provide a cure
hospice A service that provides care with an emphasis on symptom management, advance care planning, spiritual care, and family support in the last phases of a terminal disease
Death occurs when all vital organs and body systems cease to function
Brain death an irreversible loss of all brain functions, including the brainstem
End of life final phase of a patient's illness when death is imminent
death rattle noisy, wet sounding respirations
cheyne-stokes respirations pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. When respirations cease, the heart stops within a few minutes
bereavement period following the death of a loved one during which grief is experienced and mourning occurs
grief normal reaction to loss, occurs in response to the real loss of a loved one and the loss of what might have been
Kubler-Ross model of grief Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance
spirituality beliefs, values, and practices that relate to the search for existential meaning and purpose, and that may or may not include a belief in a higher power
advance directives written documents that provide information about the patient's wishes and his or her designated spokesperson
Created by: ashduh93