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MUS 165 - Part VI

Part VI - Chapters 29-34

QuestionAnswer
French composer, known as impressionist, he used whole tone scale and pentatonic scales? Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
French composer, he wrote impressionistic music as well as other styles. His best known work is Bolero? Maurice Ravel (1875-1917)
Russian composer who immigrated to the United States, extremely popular during his lifetime, he wrote mostly for the piano? Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943)
An artistic viewpoint that emphasizes overall impressions rather than detailed intellectual observations? Impressionism
Works in the Romantic style composed after it was the prevailing style? Post-Romanticism
Two or more rhythm patterns occurring simultaneously? Polyrhythm
Two or more tonal centers sounding at the same time? Polytonality
A practice sometimes used in twentieth-century music in which tacks, chewing gum, paper and other objects are placed in the mechanism of the piano so that it sounds different timbres? Prepared piano
Hungarian composer, moved to US after Hitler's rise to power, he studied the folk music of Hungary and used many of its principles in his music? Bela Bartok (1881-1945)
Brazilian composer, his music is a blend of Brazilian folk music and Western Concert music? Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959)
A type of twentieth-century music that contains folklike qualities? Folkloric
Music that is neither experimental nor committed to any one particular approach to writing music? Mainstream
An Austrian Expressionistic composer, he was a student Arnold Schoenberg and is best known for his opera Wozzeck? Alban Berg (1885-1935)
Russian composer, probably the preeminent composer of the twentieth century, he was first noticed by Sergei Diaghilev with the Ballet Russe, he ended up in America where he was very active in the musical life of this country? Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
Two keys occurring simultaneously? Bitonality
An early twentieth-century style that emphasized subjective and often disturbing emotions? Expressionism
Music that seeks to contain rhythmic power and blatant expression? Primitivism
A vocal style that is a combination of speaking and singing? Sprechstimme
Russian composer, one of the Russian composers who chose to return to Russia in spite of the difficulties of dealing with Stalin. Wrote many styles of music and much of it was in neoclassical style. Known for Peter and the Wolf? Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953)
German born, known as a neoclassical composer, for years he lived in the US. Composed sonatas for practically every instrument and lots of chamber music? Paul Hindemith (1895-1963)
Austrian composer moved to US after Hiltler came to power, he was a pioneer in the creation of atonal music. He also developed the concept of tone row music system? Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Austrian composer who became a student and follower of Schoenberg's tone row technique. Developed the technique of serialism? Anton Webern (1883-1945)
Music that is not in any key or tonality? Atonal
Turning a melody upside down so that an ascending interval descends, and vice versa? Inversion
"Manufactured tone color melody"; melodies made up of different timbres? Klangfarbenmelodie
"New classicism"; music created according to the rational outlook of the Classical period? Neoclassicism
Using a note with the same letter name as a previous note but in another octave? Octave Displacement
The upside-down and backward version of the tone row? Retrograde-inversion
The application of the principles of tone row music to elements such as dynamic levels and articulations? Serialism
A composition based on a row of pitches that uses each of the twelve tones in a octive? Tone row (12 tone or dodecaphonic)
French born but lived most of his life in America, he was a pioneer in electronic music? Edgard Varese (1883-1963)
American composer, his music combines elements from many different cultures and religions? Alan Hovhaness (1911-2000)
Music in which the sounds are partly or entirely the result of chance? Aleatory (Chance) Music
The practice of combining what the composer believes to be the best features of several different types? Eclecticism
Music produced through synthesizers and electroacoustic instruments? Electronic music
A very rapid sliding of notes up or down a scale? Glissando
An interval of less than a half step? Microtone
Natural sounds that are recorded and then modified and organized by a composer into a musical composition? Musique Concrete
The application of Serialism to elements such as melody, dynamics, and rhythm? Total serialism
Created by: towilliamsjr