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Organelle cooperatio

bio 12 lesson 1.1c

TermDefinition
cellular respiration The process that releases energy for use by the organism respiration The balanced chemical equation for cellular respiration is: 6O2 + C6H12O6 g 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy oxygen + glucose g carbon dioxide + water + energy
chloroplast contains chlorophyll, the green pigment involved in the process of photosynthesis
endoplasmic reticulum (ER) rough ER is characterized by large numbers of ribosomes on its surface; it produces proteins that secreted by the cell; smooth ER lacks ribosomes and is responsible for the production of lipids, such as steroid hormones
golgi apparatus structures made of groups of flattened sacs used to store, package, and export proteins and other materials produced in the cell
mitochondria (singular: mitochondrion) are the powerhouses of the cell; they produce ATP energy by a process called cellular respiration
nucleus the nucleus is the most important organelle in the cell; it stores the genetic material (DNA) that determines the characteristics and the metabolic functions of the cell; it is the cell's control centre
nucleolus the dark, spherical area of the nucleus; aids in the production of rRNA (ribosomal RNA), a structural component of ribosomes
lysosomes lysosomes are vesicles filled with hydrolytic enzymes that help to digest food or break down old structures for recycling or removal
photosynthesis solar energy + water + carbon dioxide g carbohydrate + oxygen
ribosomes structures found on rough ER (some are free floating) that assemble proteins
vesicles vesicles are small vacuoles used to transport materials
Created by: gwynneth