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MUS 165 - Part V

Part V - Chapters 22-28

QuestionAnswer
The style of music that was prevalent from about 1820 to 1900? Romantic Period
The musical setting of a text by a composer for solo singer and piano? Art Song
The German word for "art song". Plural is lieder Lied
A song that contains no repetition of lines of music? Through composed song
Austrian composer who marked the beginning of the Romantic period? He wrote over 600 Lieder. Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
German composer who was an early prodigy just like Mozart. His performance of St. Matthew's Passion signaled a resurrection of the interest in the music of J.S. Bach. Career high point, his oratorio Elijah in England? Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847)
German composer, older sister of Felix. She is mainly known for smaller scale compositions, some of which originally appeared under her brother's name? Fanny Mendelssohn (1805-1847)
Instrumental pieces in a moderate tempo and accompaniment reminiscent of rocking a cradle? Berceuse
A short keyboard work expressing a mood or idea, composed during the Romantic period? Character piece
A short instrumental work stressing some technical aspect of playing the instrument? Etude
A free sounding instrumental work? Fantasie (Fantasia)
A short piano composition in a style that sounds improvised? Impromptu
A type of nineteenth century character piece for piano, originally the word meant night music? Nocturne
A short instrumental work? Prelude
A performer's slight deviation from a short tempo? Rubato
An independent work for piano composed during the Romantic period? Scherzo
An adaptation of a musical work for an instrument or voice for another instrument or voice, or for a group of either? Transcription
Polish composer who moved to France. Known mainly for his piano music. He was called the poet of the piano? Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
Virtuoso violinist who developed a technique that overwhelmed audiences. He fostered a Satanic image which attracted a lot of publicity. He established the mold of a performer that could hold an audience in his hands with showmanship and virtuosity. Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840)
Hungarian composer who was influenced by Paganini. He was famous musician in the world, the gave up touring to become a composer. At the end of his life he became a clergyman and wrote sacred music. Created symphonic poem. Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
German composer. Injured his hand had to give up piano, instead composed. Mastered character pieces for piano and many other forms. Established musical journal that led to discovery of greats including Brahms and Chopin. Died in insane asylum. Robert Schumann (1813-1856)
German composer. Daughter of Robert's piano teacher. Her compositions include small works. She was a virtuoso pianist and after Robert's death, developed a close relationship with Brahms. Clara Schumann (1819-1896)
Music and bodily movements combined for artistic purposes? Ballet
An overture not associated with an opera or drama? Concert Overture
A theme that is transformed at various places in a composition? Fixed Idea (idee fixe)
Music composed to be performed in conjunction with a drama? Incidental Music
An instrumental introduction to a vocal work or an orchestral suite? Overture
Instrumental works associated by the composer with an extra-musical idea or object? Program Music
A multi-movement programmatic work for orchestra? Program Symphony
The alteration of a theme that retains its characteristic intervals of melody or rhythm pattern? Theme Transformation
A sizable orchestral work of program music? Tone Poem (Symphonic Poem)
French composer. His symphony fantastique was pioneer work in the area of program music and theme transformation. He was also a music journalist. Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
Russian composer. Did not become a professional musician until the age of 23. He is known best for his ballets but he also is highly regarded for his symphonies and operas. Best known for "The Nutcracker" ballet. Poitr llich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)
Literally "beautiful singing" in Italian. Often refers to a style of opera in the first part of the 19th century that featured much vocal technique and beautiful singing? Bel Canto
A motive of theme that is associated with a particular character or idea in the music dramas of Richard Wagner? Leitmotiv
The term Richard Wagner used for his operas in which he tried to strike a balance between the music and the dramatic action? Music Drama
Realism in opera. Operas about everyday people? Verismo
Italian opera composer. He became the most popular Opera composer in the world during his lifetime. He was considered a hero by the Italian people. He has more operas performed on a regular basis than any other opera composer? Guiseppe Verdi (1813-1901)
Italian opera composer. He was the successor to Verdi as the most popular Italian composer of his time. Although he has fewer operas performed he has some of the most successful operas of all times. He had a wonderful gift for melody and drama? Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)
German opera composer. He wrote his own libretti. His operas are in German and are based on German mythology. The first performance of his four operas comprising The Ring of Nebulung was the musical event of the 19th century? Richard Wagner (1813-1883)
A compositional technique in which the note values of a theme are all lengthened proportionally? Augmentation
The proportional reduction of all note values in a theme? Diminution
German born composer who spent most of his life in Vienna. He was a conservative Romantic composer. He never wrote any program music or opera? Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
Bohemian composer. He moved to America to teach music and encouraged American composers to use Native American and African American music to establish an American style of music? Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)
A deliberate, conscious attempt to develop art works that are characteristic of a particular country or region? Nationalism
The presence of two or more meters at the same time? Polymeters
A scale in which the octave is divided into six whole steps? Whole-tone scale
Russian composer. He was a member of the Russian Five. He was probably the least educated one of the group. His music was very expressive of Russian culture. Most of his works are performed in editions edited by later composers? Modest Mussorgsky (1839-1881)
He was the founder of the Bohemian nationalistic music inherited by Dvorak. He wrote no absolute music? Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884)
Created by: towilliamsjr