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HSO109 pt 7

What is a membrane? - A group of epithelia and connective tissues that ocmbine to protect the organs and the body
What are mucous membranes? - They line passageways - Lubricate - Protect and aid in absorption or secretion -
What are serous membranes? - They are thin - Located around organs and attach them to the body - Examples include: pericardium, pleura, peritoneum - Two surfaces: parietal and visceral
Cutaneous membranes? - It's skin - It's thick, waterproof and dry (in contrast to serious and mucous)
Synovial membranes? - Are the joints - They produce synovial fluid
What are the four types of tissue? - Epithelial - Connective - Muscle - Neural
What are the three types of muscle tissue? - Skeletal - Cardiac - Smooth
What is the structure of the skeletal muscle tissue? - Long - Cylindrical - Strirated
What is the function of the skeletal muscle tissue? - Voluntary movement - Produces heat - Protects organs
Where is skeletal muscle tissue located? - Attached to bones - Around the mouth, anus etc.
What is the structure of cardiac muscle? - Short - Branched - Striated
What is the function of cardiac muscle? - Contracts to pump blood
Where is cardiac muscle located? - The heart
What is the structure of smooth muscle tissue? - Short - Spindle-shaped - No evident striation -
What is the function of smooth muscle tissue? - Involuntary movement - Moves food - Involuntary control of respiration - Moves secretions - Regulates flow of blood in arteries
Where is smooth muscle tissue located? - Walls of major organs - Walls of passageways
What are some characteristics of skeletal muscle tissue? - Cannot divide - Multinucleate (has multiple nuclei) - Contains actin and myosin - Generates heat as a by-product of their contractions - Important role in thermal homeostasis
What are some characteristics of cardiac muscle tissue? - Generally one nucleus (can have up to 5) - Contract on own without any external stimulation
What are some characteristics of smooth muscle tissue? - One nucleus - Can regenerate - Contractile component of the digestive, urinary and reproductive systems
What are neurons comprised of? - A cell body - Axons that transmit info to other cells - Dendrite that receive information
What are neuroglia? - Support cells - Used for protection and nutrient supply
Created by: 974869485886242