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MUS 165 - Part III

Part III - Chapters 10-14

The style of music that prevailed from 1600 to 1750 Baroque
A vocal composition in several movements for solo voices, instruments, and usually a chorus; it is usually based on a religious text. Cantata
A stately hymn tune used in German Lutheran Church Chorale
Continuo (Basso Continuo) A bass line for keyboard and other instruments in which the player is given only a succession of single notes and other symbols from which to fill out the remainder of the harmony. Also, the instruments that play the continuo part.
Doctrine of affections The Baroque practice of attempting to project states of feeling and ideas in music.
Equal Temperament A system of tuning, in which the intervals are adjusted to divide the octave into twelve equal parts.
Figured Bass A shorthand system of numbers and accidentals used by keyboard players in Baroque music for indicating chords.
Improvisation Music that is made up on the spot, usually according to stylistic guidelines.
Modes As used today, scale patterns containing seven pitches other than major or minor.
Modulation Changing the tonal center as the music progresses, usually without a break.
Realization A keyboard player performing the music indicated by the figured bass.
Recitative A style of singing that covers its text expressively, usually in an economical and direct way.
Terraced Dynamics Abrupt changes in levels of loudness.
Tonic (tonal or key center) The specific pitch around which a piece of music is centered.
George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) A German composer who spent most of his adult life in England. He was best known for his oratorios but also wrote instrumental music and operas.
Aria An accompanied solo song, usually some length and complexity, in a opera, oratorio, or cantata.
Chorus (1) A sizable group of singers that sings choral music. (2) A section of opera, oratorio, or cantata sung by a chorus.
Oratorio A sizable work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra, usually on a religious topic, that is performed without scenery, costumes, or acting.
Passion An oratorio based on the suffering of Jesus on Good Friday, according to one of the four Gospels.
Run A series of rapidly moving, scalewise notes.
Virtuoso A very technically skilled performer.
Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) Italian composer who became music master at St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice. He wrote the first operatic masterpieces.
Henry Purcell (1659-1643) English composer who wrote the only performed English opera prior to the 20th century.
Ensemble An instrumental or vocal performing group.
Libretto The text of an opera or oratorio.
Opera A drama set to music in which the lines of text are sung with orchestral accompaniment.
Ostinato A short, persistently repeated melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern.
Tremolo A very rapid alternation between or repeating of pitches.
John Pachelbel (1653-1706) A German composer who wrote mostly religious choral music and organ music.
Arcangelo Corelli (1653-1713) Italian composer who is known mostly for his role in the development of the sonata along with his string playing and teaching.
Op. Opus Meaning "work" in Latin, it usually appears with a number to indicate the order in which the composer's work were written.
Sonata A Baroque multimovement work for solo instrument.
Suite Used in music is a series or set of musical works that belong together. During the Baroque period a suite referred to a collection of dances that were intended for performance as a group.
Antonio Vivaldi (1685-1741) Italian composer who composed over 450 concerti. He wrote most of them for the Pieta, a school for abandoned girls in Venice.
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1741) German composer who wrote masterpieces in every Baroque for except Opera.
Concerted Style Music in which one section of a performing group contrasts with another section or a soloist.
Concerto Grosso A multimovement work contrasting a small instrumental group with a large group.
Countersubject The secondary theme in a fugue.
Development The manipulation of themes in a musical work.
Episode Section of a fugue in which the subject is not present.
Exposition The opening section of a fugue.
Fugue A composition in which the main theme (subject) is not present.
Passacaglia A repeated set of variations based on a melodic ostinato in the lowest-pitched part.
Prelude A short instrumental work.
Program Music Instrumental works associated by the composer with an extramusical idea or object.
Created by: towilliamsjr