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HSO109 pt 1

HSO109

QuestionAnswer
What are the levels of structural organisation: Organisation of the body is separated into six distinct levels. Each level is increasingly complex.
Name the six levels of structural organisation: - Chemical level - Molecular level - Cellular level - Tissue level - Organ level - Organ system level - Organism level
What are the structures of the integumentary system? - Skin - Hair - Sweat glands - Nails
What are the functions of the integumentary system? - Protect against environmental hazards - Regulation of body temperature - Provides sensory information
What are the structures of the skeletal system? - Bones - Cartilage - Ligaments - Bone marrow
What are the functions of the skeletal system? - Support and protection for other tissues - Stores calcium and other minerals - Formation of blood cells
What are the structures of the muscular system? - Skeletal muscles - Tendons
What are the functions of the muscular system? - Movement - Protection and support for other tissues - Generates heat
What are the structures of the nervous system? - Brain - Spinal cord - Peripheral nerves - Sense organs
What are the functions of the nervous system? - Direct immediate responses to stimuli - Coordinates activities of other organ systems - Provides and interprets sensory information about external conditions
What are the structures of the endocrine system? - Pituitary gland - Thyroid gland - Pancreas - Adrenal glands - Gonads (testes and ovaries) - Endocrine tissues in other systems
What are the functions of the endocrine system? - Directs long-term changes in activities of other organ systems - Adjusts metabolic activity and energy use - Controls structural and functional changes during development
What are the structures of the cardiovascular system? - Heart - Blood - Blood vessels
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system? - Distributes blood cells, water, nutrients, waste, products, oxygen and carbon dioxide - Distributes heat and assists in control of body temperature
What are the structures of the lymphatic system? - Spleen - Thymus - Lymphatic vessels - Lymph nodes - Tonsils
What are the functions of the lymphatic system? - Defends against infection and disease - Returns tissue fluid to the bloodstream
What are the structures of the respiration system? - Nasal cavities - Sinuses - Larynx - Trachea - Bronchi - Lungs - Alveoli
What are the functions of the respiration system? - Delivers air to alveoli - Provides oxygen to bloodstream - Removes carbon dioxide from the blood stream - Produces sounds
What are the structures of the digestive system? - Teeth - Tounge - Salivary glands - Pharynx - Oesophagus - Stomach - Small intestine - Large intestine - Liver - Gallbladder - Pancreas
What are the functions of the digestive system? - Processes and digests food - Absorbs and conserves water - Absorbs nutrients - Stores energy reserves
What are the structures of the urinary system? - Kidneys - Ureters - Urinary bladder - Urethra
What are the functions of the urinary system? - Excretes waste products from the blood - Controls water balance by regulating volume of urine produced - Stores urine prior to elimination - Regulates blood ion concentration
Created by: 974869485886242