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Intro to A&P

Chapter 1

Hypothesis Idea or principle to be tested in experiments
Experiment Series of tests of a hypothesis; a controlled experiment eliminates biases or outside influences
Theory A hypothesis that has been proved by experiments to have a high degree of confidence
Homeostasis Body systems work together to keep balance
Negative feedback loop Bringing a parameter back into normal range
Positive feedback loop Taking a parameter out of normal range
Prone Lying face down
Supine Lying face up
External toward the outside
Internal toward the insiide or middle
Lpsilateral same side
Contralateral opposite side
Unilateral one side
Bilateral both sides or 2
Anatomical position Is the reference position for all body directional terms
Anatomical position Standing erect with the arms at the sides and palms turned forward, toes forward
Cranial toward the head
Cephalic Toward the head
Caudal Toward the tail
Superior toeard the head, upper, above
Inferior toward the feet, lower, below
Anterior Front, infront of
Posterior Back, in back of
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Away from midline
Proximal toward or nearest the trunk
Distal Away from or farthest away from the trunk
Superficial nearer the body surface
Deep farther away from the body surface
Sagittal plane divides a structure in left and right
Midsagittal plane divides the body into two equal halves
Frontal plane divides the body into front and back
Coronal plane Divides the body into front and back
Tranverse plane divides the body into upper and lower halves
Abdominal abdomen
Antebrachial forearm
Antecubital area infront of the elbow
Axillary armpit
Brachial arm
Buccal cheek area
Carpal wrist
Cephalic head
Cervical neck
Cranial skull
Crural leg
Cubital elbow
Digital fingers and toes
Dorsal back
femoral thigh
Genu knee
Gluteal buttocks
Frontal forehead
Nasal nose
Oral mouth
Orbital area around eye
Zygomatic cheek bone
Inguinal groin
Lumbar kower back including the flanks
Pubic pubic area
Plantar sole fo foot
Popliteal back of knee
Scapular shoulder blade area
Sternal breast bone
Supraclavicular above collar bone
Tarsal Ankle
Temporal side of head
thoracic chest area including rib cage
umbilical belly button
Volar palms or soles
Mammary breast
Mental chin
Occipital Back lower part of the skull
Olecranal pointy part of elbow
Palmar palm
Parietal on top of the head
Patellar knee cap
Pectoral chest area outside of ribcage
Pedal foot
Pelvic pelvis
Created by: jhunt0921