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NURS 1300- Unit III

Fundamentals of Nursing- Chapter 33- Hygiene- Definitions

Alopecia The loss of scalp hair (baldness) or body hair.
Apocrine Glands Sweat glands located largely in the axillae and anogenital areas; they begin to function at puberty under the influence of androgens.
Bactericidal Bacteria- killing action.
Callus A thickened portion of the skin.
Cerumen Earwax.
Corn a conical, circular, painfu, raised area on the toe or foot.
Cleansing Bath A bath given for hygienic purposes.
Dandruff A diffuse scaling of the scalp, often occompanied by itching.
Eccrine Glands Glands that produce sweat, found on almost all areas of the body.
Fissures Deep grooves that occur as a result of dryness or cracking of the skin.
Gingival Of or relating to the gums.
Gingivitis Red, swollen, gingivae (gums).
Hirsutism The growth of excess body hair, especially in women.
Hygiene The science of health and its maintenance.
Ingrown toenail The growing inward of a nail into the soft tissues around it; Most often results from improper nail trimming.
Lanugo The fine, woolly hair or "down" on the shoulders, back, sacrum, and/or earlobes of the unborn child that may remain for a few weeksafter birth.
Pediculosis Infestation with head lice.
Periodontal Disease Disorder of supporting structures of the teeth.
Plantar Wart A wart at the sole of the foot.
Plaque An invisible soft film consisting of bacteria, molecules of saliva, and remnants of epithelial cells and leukocytes that adheres to the enamel surface of the teeth.
Pyorrhea Advanced periodontal disease in which teeth are loose and pus is evident when the gums are pressed.
Scabies A contagious skin infestation by the itch mite that produces intense itching, especially at night.
Sebum The oily, lubricating secretion of the sebaceous glands in the skin.
Sudorigerous Glands Glands of the dermis that secrete sweat; Also known as "sweat glands."
Tartar A visible, hard deposit of plaque and dead bacteria that forms at the gum lines.
Therapeutic Baths A bath given for physical effects, such as to sooth irritated skin or to promote healing of an area. Two common types are the sitz bath and the medicated bath.
Ticks Small, gray-brown parasites that bite into the tissue and suck blood and transmit several diseases to people, such as Rocky Mountain Fever, Lyme disease, and tularemia.
Tinea Pedis Athlete's foot (ring-worm of the foot), caused by a fungus.
Xerostomia Dry mouth as a result of a reduced supply of saliva.
Created by: rklippig