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Ivy Tech Region 6

Medical prefixes/suffixes/roots

Suffix/Prefix/RootMeaning
a- no; not; without
aden/o gland
-algesia sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
angio vessel
ante- before; forward
antero front
-apheresis removal
-blastoma immature tumor (cells)
brady- slow
broncho bronchial tube
cephalo head
cerebro cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
chezia defacation; elimination of wastes
chol/e bile; gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
-cidal pertaining to killing
circum- around
cutane/o skin
-cyte cell
-derma skin
dys- bad: painful: difficult: abnormal
-ectomy removal; excision; resection
-edema swelling
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
endo- in; within
epi- above; upon; on
erythro red
eschar scab
eti- cause
eu- normal; good
ex(o)- out; away from
extra- outside
fasci/o fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
febr/i fever
flex/o to bend
gastr/o stomach
genit/o reproduction
ger/o old age
gest/o pregnancy
gingiv/o gums
-globin/-globulin protein
gluc/o glucose; sugar
gravid/o pregnancy
hem/o and hemat(o) blood
hemi- half
hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
hyper- above; excessive
hyster/o uterus; womb
-ia condition
-iasis abnormal condition
inter- between
intra- within; into
-ism process; condition
-itis inflammation
jaund/o yellow
-kinesis movement
kyph/o humpback
lacrim/o tear; tear duct; lacrimal duct
later/o side
leuk/o white
-listhesis condition of stones
lith/o stone, calculus
-lithotomy incision (for removal) of a stone
-lysis breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening
macro- large
mal- bad
-malacia softening
medi/o middle
-megaly enlargement
meta- change; beyond
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
noct/o night
nulli- none
obstetr/o pregnancy; birth
ocul/o eye
olig/o scant
-oma tumor; mass; fluid collection
onych/o nail (of fingers or toes)
ophthalm/o eye
-opia vision condition
-orexia appetite
-osis condition, usually abnormal
oste/o bone
oto- ear
ox- oxygen
palp/o, palpat/o to touch gently
-paresis weakness
-partum labor/birth
path/o disease
-penia deficiency
per- through
peri- surrounding
-phagia eat/swallow
pharmac/o drug
-phasia speech
-phoresis carrying; transmission
-plasia development; formation
-plegia paralysis; palsy
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung; air; gas
-poiesis formation
poly- many
post- after; behind
poster/o back (of body); behind
-prandial meal
-praxia action
pre- before; in front of
presby/o old age
proxim/o near
-ptosis droop; sag; prolapse; protrude
purul/o and py(o) pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
quadri- four
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal) muscle
-rrhage bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
schiz/o split
-sclerosis hardening
-scopy visual examination
-stasis to stop; control; place
-stenosis tightening; stricture, narrowing
-sthenia strength
supra- above
systo contraction
tachy- fast
thorac chest
-tomy process of cutting
-tripsy to crush
Created by: jjhunt