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Rock Cycle

""6th grade rock cycle""

TermDefinition
rock forming mineral any of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's crust
granite a usually light colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust
basalt a dark, dense igneous rock with a fine texture found in oceanic crust
grain the particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture
texture the look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size, shape, and pattern of a rock's grains
igneous rock a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface
sedimentary rock a type of rock that forms when particles from another rock or the remains of plants and animals are pressed or cemented together
metamorphic rock a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure or chemical reactions
extrusive rock igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface
intrusive rock igneous rock that forms when magma harden beneath Earth's surface
sediment small, solid pieces of mineral that come from rocks or the remains of organisms; earth materials deposited by erosion
weathering the chemical and physical process that break down rock and other substances
erosion the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered particles of rock and soil
deposition process by which sediment is laid down in new locations
compaction the process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight
cementation the process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass
clastic rock sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together under high pressure
organic rock sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposited in thick layers
foliated term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layers or bands
rock cycle a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another
magma hot fluid rock below Earth's surface. It cools and crystallizes to becom igneous rock
melting change in state from solid to a liquid. Solid rock melts from heat, when pushed back into mantle becoming magma
heat and pressure changes rocks form one type to another and can the the rock's texture and structure
cooling lacking in warmth and may cause a change of state
Created by: studyskills56
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