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CNA 2016 C. 23*

Excercise and Activity

QuestionAnswer
Abduction is moving a body part away from the midline of the body
Adduction is Moving a body part toward the midline of the body
Atrophy is A decrease in size or wasting away of tissue
A contracture is the lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle
Deconditioning is the loss of muscle strength from inactivity
Dorsiflexion is Bending the toes and foot up at the ankle
Extension is straightening a body part
External rotation is turning a joint outward
Flexion is bending a body part
Turning the foot down at the ankle is plantar flexion
Footdrop is when the foot falls down to the ankle
Hyperextension is The extensive straightening of a body part
Internal rotation is turning a joint inward
Orthostatic hypotension is a drop in blood pressure when the person suddenly stands
Another name for permanent plantar flexion is foot drop
Pronation is turning a joint downward
Rotation is turning a joint
Supination is turning a joint upward
Syncope is fainting
The act of walking is ambulation
Bedrest is ordered for what reasons? To reduce pain and promote healing
The doctor ordered strict bedrest for a resident. ____________is done for the person. everything
The doctor ordered bedrest for a resident. The person can perform some ADLs
Bedrest places the person at risk for which for atrophy, contractures, decreased energy, blood clots, pneumonia, constipation
What will prevent complications of bedrest? frequent position changes
A resident is on bedrest with bathroom privileges. When the person moves from a lying to a sitting or standing position, he or she is at risk for syncope
Orthostatic hypotension is prevented by slowly changing positions
What are signs and symptoms of orthostatic hypotension? dizziness, weakness
A resident is on bedrest. Before the person gets out of bed, you need to position her in ____________position. Fowler's
A resident is on bedrest. Before the person gets out of bed, you need to measure blood pressure
The doctor ordered bed-boards for a resident. Bed-boards prevent the mattress from sagging
The doctor ordered a foot-board for a resident. The foot-board prevents plantar flexion
The doctor ordered trochanter rolls for a resident. Trochanter rolls prevent the hips and legs from external rotation
A hip abduction wedge is positioned between the person's legs
The doctor ordered a bed cradle for a resident. The bed cradle keeps top linens off the feet
Hand grips prevent contractures of the thumb, fingers, wrist
The doctor ordered a trapeze for a resident. The person can use the trapeze for exercises to strengthen arm muscles
The doctor ordered passive range-of-motion exercises for a resident. These exercises are done by a health team member
The doctor ordered active-assistive range-of-motion exercises for a resident. These exercises are done by by the person with your help
Active range-of-motion exercises are done by by the person
You are delegated range-of-motion exercises. How do you move the joint? slowly, smoothly, gently
You can perform range-of-motion exercises to the neck only if allowed by your center and the nurse instructs you to do so
What exercise is done to the shoulder? flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal and external rotation
What exercises are done to the elbow? flexion, extension
What exercises are done to the forearm? pronation, supination
What exercises are done to the wrist? flexion, extension, hyperextension, ulnar and radial flexion
What exercises are done to the thumb? abduction, adduction, opposition to the little finger, flexion, extension
What exercises are done to the hip? flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, internal and external rotation
What exercises are done to the knee? flexion, extention
What exercises are done to the ankle? dorsiflexion, plantar flexion,
What exercises are done to the foot? supination, pronation
What action will promote comfort while performing range-of-motion exercises support the part being exercised
A resident is unsteady. When assisting the person with ambulation, you need to apply a transfer belt
How far should you walk a person? as far as directed by the nurse and the care plan
When ambulating, a person needs to wear non skid footwear
When ambulating a person, you stand to the side and slightly behind the person
A resident has crutches. You need to teach the person how to use them. True
The grip of a cane is level with the _________. hip
A person uses a walker. The walker is moved first, then walk
Which walking aids allow attachments? walkers
Which provides support for weak body parts? brace
A person wears a brace. You must keep the skin under the brace clean and dry
The person may need help getting to and taking part in activities. True
OBRA requires activity programs for residents. Participating in activities of personal choice promotes the person’s ________ well-being.
Created by: heatherhibbs