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nutrition

QuestionAnswer
WHAT IS THE STUDY OF FOOD & HOW IT AFFECTS THE HUMAN BODY & INFLUENCES HEALTH? NUTRITION
WHAT ARE THE THREE CLASSES OF NUTRITION? 1. CARBOHYDRATES 2. PROTEINS 3. LIPIDS
WHAT ENCOMPASSESS ALL THE WAYS IN WHICH THE BODY CHANGES & USES NUTRIENTS? METABOLISM
GOOD NUTRITION IS ESSENTIAL TO ______________ WELLNESS
POOR NUTRITION CONTRIBUTES TO ______________ DISEASE
WHAT ARE THE PRIMARY SOURCE FOR THE BODY AND THE BRAIN TOTALLY RELIES ON GLUCOSE FOR ENERGY? CARBOHYDRATES
WHAT ARE THE 2 SOURCES OF CARBS SIMPLE SUGARS & COMPLEX CARBS
CORN SYRUP, MOLASSES, MILK, HONEY, SUGAR, SUGAR BEETS & FRUITS SIMPLE SUGARS
VEGGIES, CEREAL, PASTA, BREADS, GRAINS & LEGUMES COMPLEX CARBS
pROTEIN "COMPLEX" ARE MADE UP OF_______________ AMINO ACIDS
WHAT ARE SUPPLIED BY FOOD OR SUBSTANCES SINCE THE BODY CAN'T MANUFACTURE THEM? ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS
ARE SYNTHESIZED BY THE BODY (MADE) NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS
WHY DO WE NEED AMINO ACIDS FOR? PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
2 TYPES OF PROTEIN SOURCES COMPLETE AND INCOMPLETE
ARE MOSTLY FROM ANIMAL SOURCES, MEAT, POULTRY, FISH, EGGS & MILK COMPLETE
ARE PLANT SOURCES, GRAINS, NUTS, LEGUMES, SEEDS, & VEGTABLES INCOMPLETE
2 INCOMPLETE = 1 COMPLETE PROTEIN
WHAT ARE FATS, INSOLUBLE IN WATER, MADE OD CARBON, HYDROGEN & OXYGEN, SOLID AT ROOM TEMP, LIQUID AT ROOM TEMP LIPIDS
HDL'S GOOD CHOLESTEROL
LDL'S BAD CHOLESTEROL
3 TYPES OF LIPIDS GLYCERIDES, STEROLS, & PHOPHOLIPIDS
ARE TRUE FATS GLYCERIDES
WHAT IS LIKE CHOLESTEROL AND ARE SYNTHESIZED IN THE LIVER? STEROLS
WHAT TRANSPORTS LIPIDS IN THE BLOOD? PHOPHOLIPIDS
WHAT IS DENSE SOLID FATS (ANIMAL) THAT INCREASES CHOLESTEROL SATURATED FATS
LIGHTER AND LESS DENSE & LIQUID AT ROOM TEMP AND THAT MAY REDUCE THE RISK OF HEART DISEASE AND STROKE UNSATURATED FATS
THEY ARE A KIND OF SATURATED FATS & THEY ARE CONSIDERED TO BE MORE HARMFUL THAN SATURATED FATS TRANS FATS
A, D, E. K. WHEN THE BODY CAN STORE FAT SOLUBLE
C,B COMPLEX WHEN THE BODY CAN NOT STORE WATER SOLUBLE
WE CANNOT STORE THEM, THEY MUST BE EATEN DAILY OR TAKE SUPPLEMENTS. THEY ARE EXCRETED EASILY AND TOXCITY IS RAE. WATER SOLUABLE
FOR VISION VITAMIN A
REGULATES CALCIUM LEVEL AND IN SUNLIGHT VITAMIN D
ANTIODANT VITAMIN E
SYNTHESIS OF CLOTTING FACTORS & BONE DEVELOPMENT VITAMIN K
CELL METABOLISM & NERVEOUS SYSTEM. B-COMPLEX
COLLAGEN AND IMMUNE FUNCTION VITAMIN C
3 MAJOR MINERALS CALCIUM, PHOSORUS & POTASSIUM
FOR BONES AND TEETH CALCIUM
FOR THE HEART FUNCTION MAGNISIUM
AIDS IRON METABOLISM COPPER
HELPS PREVENT CAVITIES FLORIDE
SYNTHESIS OF A THYROID HORMONE -LOW IODINE CAUSES HYPOTHYROID IODINE
GROWTH ENZYMES ZINC
MAKES HEMOGLOBIN AND WHEN THERE IS A DEFIENCY IN IRON CAUSES ANEMIA AND FINGERNAILS BECOME BRITTLE & SPOONED SHAPED IRON
Created by: jmbosworth1972