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Agrimedicine

Biotech 2

TermDefinition
Antibodies Y-shape protein produced by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses.
DNA fingerprints technique by which the DNA of an individual can be compared with that found in a sample or another individual.
Antigens a toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body, especially the production of antibodies.
Pharming the process of genetically modifying plants and animals so that they produce substances that may be used as pharmaceuticals.
Personalized Medicine emerging practice of medicine that uses an individual's genetic profile to guide decisions made in regard to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Inoculation the action of inoculating or of being inoculated; vaccination.
Human Genome Project global, long-term research effort to identify the estimated 30,000 genes in human DNA and to figure out the sequences of the chemical bases that make up human DNA.
Xenografts a tissue graft or organ transplant from a donor of a different species from the recipient.
Organ transplant only treatment for end state organ failure, such as liver and heart failure.
Gene therapy the transplantation of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders.
Pathogens anything that causes a disease.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms DNA sequence variation occurring commonly within a population
Pharmaceuticals drugs for use as medications.
Imprinting impress or stamp (a mark or outline) on a surface or body.
Biomanufacturing Use of living genetically modified organisms or living genetically modified cells to manufacture a product.
Personalized genomics branch of genomics concerned with the sequencing and analysis of the genome of an individual.
Hormones a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action.
Vaccines a substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases.
Xenotransplantation the process of grafting or transplanting organs or tissues between members of different species.
Epigenetic inheritance Inheritance of traits transmitted by mechanisms not directly involving nucleotide sequences.
Markers an object used to indicate a position, place, or route.
Gwas A study that compares DNA markers across the genome (the complete genetic material in a person) in people with a disease or trait to people without the disease or trait.
Edible plant vaccines Plant vaccines that are edible.
Genetic diseases genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome, especially a condition that is present from birth (congenital).
Autotransplantation transplantation of tissue from one site to another in the same individual.
Mesenchymal stem cells type of tissue characterized by loosely associated cells that lack polarity and are surrounded by a large extracellular matrix.
Created by: llop2428