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Science Final Vocab

Vocab for the Science Final

TermDefinition
Luster The way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
Streak The color of the mineral's powder
Moh's Hardness Scale A scale for ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest: used for testing of mineral hardness.
Compound A substance made of 2 or more elements chemically combined in a specific ratio.
Compaction The process of which sediments are pressed together under their own weight.
Cementation The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together in one mass.
Weathering The chemical and physical processes that break down rock and other substances.
Erosion The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered particles of rock and soil.
Deposition Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Geocentric Model Term describing the model of the universe where Earth is in the center with the planets and stars revolving around it.
Rotation The spinning motion of the planet on its axis.
Revolution The movement of an object around another object.
Law of Universal Gravitation The specific law that states that every object in the universe is attracted to every other object.
Sun Spot A dark area of gas on the sun's surface that is cooler than surrounding gases.
Corona The outer layer of the sun's atmosphere.
Photosphere The inner layer of the sun's atmosphere that gives off visible light: the sun's surface.
Greenhouse Effect The trapping of heat near a planet's surface by certain gases in the planet's atmosphere.
Speed The distance an object travels per unit of time.
Velocity Speed in a given direction.
Mass A measure of how much matter is in an object.
Weight The measure of the force of gravity acting on an object.
Acceleration The rate at which velocity changes.
Force A push or pull exerted on an object.
Work Force exerted on an object that causes it to move.
Power The rate at which one form of energy is transformed to another.
Luster The way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
Streak The color of the mineral's powder
Moh's Hardness Scale A scale for ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest: used for testing of mineral hardness.
Compound A substance made of 2 or more elements chemically combined in a specific ratio.
Compaction The process of which sediments are pressed together under their own weight.
Cementation The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together in one mass.
Weathering The chemical and physical processes that break down rock and other substances.
Erosion The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered particles of rock and soil.
Deposition Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Geocentric Model Term describing the model of the universe where Earth is in the center with the planets and stars revolving around it.
Rotation The spinning motion of the planet on its axis.
Revolution The movement of an object around another object.
Law of Universal Gravitation The specific law that states that every object in the universe is attracted to every other object.
Sun Spot A dark area of gas on the sun's surface that is cooler than surrounding gases.
Corona The outer layer of the sun's atmosphere.
Photosphere The inner layer of the sun's atmosphere that gives off visible light: the sun's surface.
Greenhouse Effect The trapping of heat near a planet's surface by certain gases in the planet's atmosphere.
Speed The distance an object travels per unit of time.
Velocity Speed in a given direction.
Mass A measure of how much matter is in an object.
Weight The measure of the force of gravity acting on an object.
Acceleration The rate at which velocity changes.
Force A push or pull exerted on an object.
Work Force exerted on an object that causes it to move.
Power The rate at which one form of energy is transformed to another.
Created by: SwagMuffin