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SCIENCE SOL FINAL

QuestionAnswer
A plate boundary where the plates are moving apart. <-- --> DIVERGENT Boundary
A plate boundary where the plates are COMING TOGETHER. --> <-- CONVERGENT Boundary
A plate boundary where the plates are SLIDING PAST one another. Transform boundary
How do bees make noise? Their wings vibrate
Salt, water, and carbon dioxide are all: compounds
How do we remember the order of the planets? My Very Eager Mother Just Served Us Nachos
What is the function of the roots? to anchor the plant into the ground and to absorb water and nutrients
What is the function of the flower? to produce a seed so the plant can reproduce
Does electricity flow through an open or closed circuit? closed
Which group of organisms breaks down dead organisms and recycles their nutrients back into the environment decomposers
Direction and speed describe an objects: MOTION
Lightning is a form of ____________________ electricity Static
Which GAS is used by plants in the process of photosynthesis carbon dioxide
Which planet is the biggest Jupiter
Which planet is the smallest Mercury
When a tree drops its leaves in the fall, it is: dormant
Who came up with the modern idea that the sun was the center of the solar system Galileo
If you can see through an object, but not clearly that object is: translucent
Why do we have seasons on Earth? the tilt of earth on its axis
In summer, the earth is: tilted toward the sun
In winter, the earth is: tilted away from the sun
a shaking of the Earth's crust caused by volcanic activity or from shifting rock beneath the surface Earthquake
the theory that Earth's crust is broken into moving plate-like parts Plate Tectonics
the slow movement of Earth's landmasses across the globe continental drift
the center layer of the Earth core
the thin, outer layer of the Earth crust
the large middle section of the Earth made of molten rock mantle
hot and melted molten
Anything that takes up space and has mass Matter
Measures the pull of gravity on an object weight
whether or not something stretches elasticity
how something feels (rough or smooth) texture
how light reflects off of something luster
how tightly or loosely packed matter is density
state change from a liquid to a solid freezing
state change from a solid to a liquid melting
state change from a liquid to a gas with high heat boiling
state change from a liquid to a gas without high heat evaporation
state change from a gas to a liquid condensation
the smallest bit of matter atom
a combination of different ingredients like salad or trail mix mixture
the amount of space an object takes up volume
the amount of matter in an object mass
a pure substance element
two or more elements chemically bonded together to form a new substance compound
the part of the atom with a postive (+) charge proton
the part of the atom with a negative (-) charge electron
the part of the atom with NO charge neutron
the center part of the atom nucleus
boiwhat two things do you find in the nucleus of an atom protons and neutrons
what makes one element different from another the number of protons it has
the simplest element with one proton and one electron hydrogen
what two elements make up water hydrogen and oxygen
what two elements make up salt sodium and chlorine
salt and water are: compounds
which element is a metal and a liquid mercury
all the known elements are arranged in order in the: periodic table
Which part of the atom is the smallest electron
The small leaves that form around the developing flower are the: sepals
Who invented the light bulb: Thomas Edison
Which plant part takes in water and nutrients? The roots
Which part supports the plant and allows the movement of water and nutrients? The stem
Which plant part makes food for the plant? the leaves
The seed forms in the female reproductive part of the flower called the pistil
Pollen forms on the ends of the male reproductive parts of the flower called the: stamen
Pollen is transferred from the stamen to the pistil in a process called: pollination
Most plants reproduce with seeds, but ferns and mosses reproduce with: spores
Green plants produce their own food in a process called: photosynthesis
Plants are green because of: chlorophyll
Many plants enter a period of ______ in the winter, which is similar to hibernation for animals. During this period most of their normal activities stop. dormancy
An organism's _____ provides food, water, shelter and space. habitat
All energy comes from _____ , and then cycles through the food webs to all of the animals in the community. the sun
_______ get energy directly from the sun and use it to make food. plants
Because plants produce their own food, they are called ___________ . producers
Organisms that get their energy from eating plants or other animals are called: consumers
All of the interrelated food chains in an ecosystem make up a: food web
Food chains and food webs always start with a: plant
The food chain starts with a producer (a plant) and ends with a: decomposer
Decomposers like ______ break down organisms and recycle them back to the nutrient pool. fungi
All of the living and nonliving things in an environment make up: an ecosystem
the role an oraganism plays in its environment niche
All organisms have _________ that allow it to survive in its environment adaptations
Structural adaptations are __________ that help an organism survive, like long beaks, webbed feet, camouflage. body parts
Behavioral adaptations are things that organisms do to survive. Examples of behavioral adaptations are: migration, hibernation, instincts, etc
The measure of the amount of heat energy in the atmosphere is: temperature
The amount of moisture in the air is: humidity
The weight of the air causes: air pressure
26. Objects in motion have ______ energy. kinetic
27. Potential energy is ________ energy. stored
28. Due to the pull of gravity, the higher an object is off the ground, the more ____________ it has. potential energy
29. When I hold a ball in the air, it has potential energy. When I let go, the ball starts to fall. Potential energy changes to: kinetic energy
Bioluminescent living thing that gives off light
Hertz measures frequency of sound
Decibel measures sound intensity (volume)
H20 water
C02 carbon dioxide
NaCl salt
water, carbon dioxide, salt compounds
Galileo telescope
cell's energy factory mitochondria
jelly-like substance in the cell cytoplasm
two things plant cell has that an animal cell does not cell wall and chloroplast
lightning bugs, jelly fish, glow worms bioluminescent organinisms
moss, liverworts, kelp non-vascular plants
water and waste storage sacs in the cell vacuole
mushrooms, mold, mildew, yeast fungi
amoeba and paramecium protists (kingdom protista)
Bacteria monera
granite, pumice, basalt igneous rocks
limestone, sandstone sedimentary rocks
marble, slate, gneiss metamorphic rock
tin foil is: opaque
wax paper is: transluscent
saran wrap is: transparent
sound travels fastest through: solids
sound travels slowest through: gases
light we feel as heat Infrared
light that gives us sunburn: Ultraviolet
this instrument measures wind speed: Anemometer
this instrument measures air pressure: Barometer
this instrument measures moisture in the air: Hygrometer
an important energy resource in Virginia Coal
The food chain always starts with a plant and ends with a: Decomposer
plants and phytoplankton supply our atmosphere with: Oxygen
the female part of the plant Pistil
the male part of the plant Stamen
most plant reproduce with seeds, but ferns and mosses (and fungi) reproduce with: Spores
32 F = freezing point
212 F = boiling point
the role an organism plays in its environment: Niche
two objects rubbing together create: Friction
energy of motion is: kinetic motion
stored energy is: potential energy
animals hibernate, plants go into: dormancy
tides are caused by: the gravity of the moon
waves are caused mainly by: the wind
the warm water current that flows by the east coast of the United States: the Gulf Stream current
Metals and water allow electricity to move easily through them, they are conductors
glass, plastic, and rubber do not allow electricity to move easily though them, they are: insulators
What are the most primitive, single-celled organisms called? bacteria
What is the jelly-like substance inside the cell? Cytoplasm
What gives support and protection to the plant cell? Cell wall
What do you call the thin outer covering of a cell that allows certain materials in and out of the cell cell membrane
What do you call the part of the plant cell where photosynthesis occurs? chloroplast
What is the green pigment in plants called? chlorophyll
What is the process by which plants make food using sunlight? photosynthesis
What is the cells storage center called? vacuole
What is the cells control center (brain) called? Nucleus
What do you call the small structures inside a cell like the nucleus, vacuole, and mitochondria. organelles
What are two things that a plant cell has that an animal cell does not? cell wall and chloroplast
What do you call single-celled organisms that live in pond water? protists or protozoa
What shape are most plant cells? rectangular
What are the thread-like structures inside the nucleus that contain DNA chromosomes
What type of cells do not have a nucleus bacteria
The amount of energy in a sound, or the loudness of a sound amplitude
How high or low a sound is; pitch
Sound is a form of: energy
Sound travels in: waves
How fast something vibrates frequency
The distance on a wave measured from crest to crest wavelength
Sound travels slowest through: gases
Sound travels fastest through: solids
The pitch of a sound is closely related to: frequency
High pitch = high frequency
Low pitch = low frequency
High amplitude = loud sound
Low amplitude = soft sound
A sounds frequency is measured in: hertz
10 hertz = 10 vibrations per second
100 hertz = 100 vibrations per second
The lowest frequency that humans can hear is: 20 hertz
The highest frequency that humans can hear is: 20,000 hertz
A sounds loudness, or intensity, is measured in: decibels
Humans feel pain at ____________ decibels 120
An unwanted sound: noise
A reflected sound wave creates an: echo
A place with NO matter, such as outer space Vacuum
Bats and whales use _________________ to locate food that they cannot see echolocation
Why do we see lightning before we hear thunder? Light travels much faster than sound
How fast does sound travel through the air? about 750 mph
Why does furniture, rugs, and carpet cut down echoes and noise in a house Soft objects absorb sound
Which wave has more waves per second, a high frequency or low frequency sound high frequency
Which wave is louder, a wave with a small amplitude or a high amplitude high amplitude
Name several animals that can hear sounds with very high frequency bats, dogs, cats, dolphin
Name an animal that can communicate with low frequency sounds? elephant
The rapid back and forth movement of something vibration
In order for sound to occur, something must: vibrate
What is the thin membrane inside your ear that detects vibrations eardrum
What are the oceans main PRODUCERS? Algae & Phytoplankton
What is the river-like movement of water in the ocean called? Current
What are the two main classifications of plants? Vascular and non-vascular
Salt water and lemonade are examples of: Solutions
Name a mixture: Trail mix, salad, and Salsa
What is the control center of the cell? nucleus
Name an instrument that measures mass balance
Name a tool that measures volume measuring cup, ruler, tape measure
What state of matter does sound travel the fastest through? solid
The breaking down of rocks: weathering
The carrying away of rocks and sediment: erosion
What type of rock is formed from hardened lava? igneous rock
Why does a pencil look broken if it is placed in a glass of water? refraction
Water, carbon dioxide, and salt are all: compounds
Hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, and chlorine are all: elements
Name two things plant cells have that animal cells do not: chloroplasts and cell wall
Igneous rock comes from _______________ cooled magma
Sedimentary rock forms in: layers
Metamorphic rock has ____________ or bands of colors running through it. streaks
What does morph mean? change
What does ignite (igneous) mean? fire
A sedimentary rock might have a __________ in it. fossil
What type of rock is marble? metamorphic
What type of rock is granite and basalt? igneous
What type of rock is sandstone and limestone? sedimentary
Metamorphic rock undergoes heat and _______________ pressure
Sedimentary rock forms from weathering and ____________ erosion
What causes most erosion on earth? water
Besides water, what else causes erosion on earth? wind, gravity, plant roots, animals
What is the "breaking down" of rock called? weathering
What is the "carrying away" of rock called? erosion
Mountains that are smooth and rounded over are: old
Moutains that are sharp and jagged are: young
Which igneous rock is found under most of the continents? granite
Which igneous rock is found under most of the oceans? basalt
Which rock type is formed in layers at the bottom of ocean? sedimentary
Any solid that sinks to the bottom of a liquid is called: sediment
What animal undergoes metamorphosis? butterfly
The Great Lakes were created by: glaciers
When the earth gets colder, glaciers _______________ toward the equator. advance
When the earth gets warmer, glaciers _____________ toward the poles retreat
What type of valleys do glaciers carve? u shaped
What type of valleys do rivers carve? v shaped
What type of glaciers are found in the high mountains? alpine
What forms in areas where more snow falls than melts? glaciers
What forms when a large chunk of ice breaks off of a continental glacier and falls into the ocean? iceberg
During the last _____ ________ glaciers covered much of North America. ice age
When a stalactite and stalagmite meet, they form a: column
What cave formation hangs from the ceiling: stalactite
When columns form together, they form a: curtain
What rock has to be present for caves and caverns to form? limestone
What dissolve limestone? carbonic acid
What cave formation grows from the ground up? stalagmite
If the ground above a cave or cavern collapses, what is formed? sinkhole
The words "LITHOS" come from the Greek word for: rock
The process of "squeezing" sediment together tightly to form sedimentary rock compaction
The process after weathering and erosion when sediment comes to rest in a certain place: deposition
Light travels in straight paths called: rays
How do we remember the colors of the visible spectrum? ROY G BIV
Which color in the visible spectrum has the longest wavelength? Red
Which color in the visible spectrum has the shortest wavelength? Violet
How fast does light travel? 186,000 miles per second
When light bounces off an object it is: reflected
When light is bent, it is: refracted
When light is absorbed by an object it is turned to: heat
When light travels through an object it is: transmitted
A lens or mirror that is thicker in the middle and thinner at the edges convex
A lens or mirror that is thinner in the middle and thicker at the edges concave
Dark colored clothing will ___________ light and turn it into ____________ absorb ; heat
Light colored clothing will ___________ light and help keep you _____________ reflect ; cool
When light hits an object and is stopped, it is: absorbed
Aluminum foil is: opaque
Wax paper is: translucent
Saran Wrap is: transparent
A piece of glass shaped like a triangular prism that refracts light and separates it into the colors of the rainbow (ROY G BIV) prism
Anything that has mass and takes up space matter
the state of matter with a no definite shape, but a definite volume liquid
which two states of matter take the shape of their container liquid and gas
what are the building blocks of matter atoms
what part of the atom has a positive (+) charge proton
what part of the atom has a negative (-) charge electron
what part of the atom has a neutral (0) charge neutron
where do you find the protons and neutrons nucleus
what do you find spinning around the nucleus electrons
what is H20 water
what is C02 carbon dioxide
which state of matter has the least energy solid
which state of matter can you compress (squeeze into smaller spaces) gas
what increases when you compress a gas pressure
you can change the state of matter by adding or taking away: heat
The building blocks of life cells
The cell's "power plant" mitochondria
The "brain" or control center of the cell nucleus
The thin outer covering of the cell cell membrane
The part of the plant cell where photosynthesis takes place chloroplast
What are two things that a plant cell has that an animal cell does not cell wall and chloroplast
What are the most primitive, single-celled organisms called? bacteria
What is the jelly-like substance inside the cell? Cytoplasm
What gives support and protection to the plant cell? Cell wall
What do you call the thin outer covering of a cell that allows certain materials in and out of the cell cell membrane
What do you call the part of the plant cell where photosynthesis occurs? chloroplast
What is the green pigment in plants called? chlorophyll
What is the process by which plants make food using sunlight? photosynthesis
What is the cells storage center called? vacuole
What is the cells control center (brain) called? Nucleus
What do you call the small structures inside a cell like the nucleus, vacuole, and mitochondria organelles
What do you call single-celled organisms that live in pond water? protists
What shape are most plant cells? rectangular
What are the thread-like structures inside the nucleus that contain DNA chromosomes
What type of cells do not have a nucleus bacteria
a major body of salt water ocean
the amount of Earth's water found in the oceans Ninety seven percent
the amount of Earths surface covered by water Three fourths
water containing only a tiny amount of salt fresh water
water containing many dissolved salts; the most abundant type of water found on Earth salt water
One of the largest estuaries in the United States located off the coast of Virginia Chesapeake Bay
describes a mixture of salt and fresh water brackish
a partly enclosed coastal body of water where salt and fresh water meet. They are called the "nurseries of the sea" estuary
a low-lying area of land regularly flooded by salt water at high tide salt marsh
the high point on a wave crest
the regular rise and fall of ocean water caused by the gravitational puil of the moon and sun tide
the low point on a wave trough
a wave, produced by an earthquake on or near the ocean floor, which builds up to great heights as it moves into shallow water tsunami
a disturbance, often caused by wind, seen on the surface of water wave
the river-like movement of water in the ocean current
a warm water current that travels by the east coast of the U.S. and crosses the Atlantic moving towards Europe Gulf stream current
the saltiness of water salinity
a small submarine used by scientists to study the deep Submersible
a living thing that gives off light bioluminescent
tiny algae and animals that float in water and are carried by waves and currents plankton
the flat, shallow part of the ocean floor near the coast. continental shelf
What increases as you dive deeper into the ocean Water pressure
What decreases as you dive deeper into the ocean temperature, light, life
the deepest part of the ocean trench
the steep drop-off from the continental shelf to the deep part of the ocean continental slope
What are the plant-like plankton called: phytoplankton
What are the animal-like plankton called: Zooplankton
The small leaves that form around the developing flower are the: sepals
Who invented the light bulb: Thomas Edison
Which plant part takes in water and nutrients? roots
Which part supports the plant and allows the movement of water and nutrients? stem
Which plant part makes food for the plant? leaves
The seed forms in the female reproductive part of the flower called the pistil
Pollen forms on the ends of the male reproductive parts of the flower called the: stamen
Most plants reproduce with seeds, but ferns and mosses reproduce with: spores
Green plants produce their own food in a process called: photosynthesis
Plants are green because of: chlorophyll
Many plants enter a period of ______ in the winter, which is similar to hibernation for animals. During this period most of their normal activities stop. dormancy
An organism's _____ provides food, water, shelter and space. habitat
All energy comes from the_____ , and then cycles through the food webs to all of the animals in the community. sun
_______ get energy directly from the sun and use it to make food. plants
Because plants produce their own food, they are called ___________ . producers
Organisms that get their energy from eating plants or other animals are called: consumers
All of the interrelated food chains in an ecosystem make up a: food web
Food chains and food webs always start with a: plant
The food chain starts with a producer (a plant) and ends with a: decomposer
Decomposers like ______ break down organisms and recycle them back to the nutrient pool. fungi
All of the living and nonliving things in an environment make up an: ecosystem
the role an oraganism plays in its environment niche
All organisms have _________ that allow it to survive in its environment adaptations
Structural adaptations are __________ that help an organism survive, like long beaks, webbed feet, camouflage. body parts
Behavioral adaptations are things that organisms do to survive. Two examples of behavioral adaptations are: Migration and hibernation
The measure of the amount of heat energy in the atmosphere is: temperature
The amount of moisture in the air is: humidity
The weight of the air causes: air pressure
Objects in motion have ______ energy. kinetic
Potential energy is ________ energy. stored
Due to the pull of gravity, the higher an object is off the ground, the more ____________ it has. potential energy
When I hold a ball in the air, it has potential energy. When I let go, the ball starts to fall. Potential energy changes to: kinetic energy
Potential energy is ________ energy. stored
There are many forms of energy. Energy caused by the movement of electrons is: energy
Energy stored in food, batteries and fossil fuels like coal and gasoline is: chemical energy
Energy in moving or spinning objects like gears, car wheels, or joggers, is _______ energy: mechanical
Two objects rubbing together create: friction
Friction resists or stops motion, and creates: heat
Unless acted on by a force, objects in motion tend to stay in motion and objects at rest remain at rest. This is the principal of: inertia
Which will light a bulb, an open or closed circuit? closed circuit
If your string of holiday lights goes dark when one little bulb burns out, the string of lights is a: series circuit
This circuit has more than one pathway for the flow of electrical current. If one bulb burns the others will remain lit. It is a: Parallel circuit
Electrical energy moves easily through materials that are conductors
Wires are usual made from ____ because it conducts electricity well. metal
Material like rubber, plastic and wood do not conduct electricity well. They are: insulators
Magnetism and _______ are very closely related. electricity
An electric current creates a magnetic field, and a magnetic field creates an _________ electric current
If you wrap wire around a nail and run electricity through the wire, you have created an: electromagnet
If you rub your feet on the carpet, or rub a balloon on a wool sweater, you may create: static electricity
Static electricity occurs when negatively charged _____ are rubbed off of one surface and on to another. electrons
Pollen is transferred from the stamen to the pistil in a process called: pollination
Most plants reproduce with seeds, but ferns and mosses reproduce with: spores
Green plants produce their own food in a process called: photosynthesis
Plants are green because of: chlorophyll
Created by: PRO Teacher lit123