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Behavior 5/4/15

TermDefinition
Needs of life Animals need food, water, gases, shelter, and space while plants need sunlight, gases, water, nutrients, and space.
Behavior The way an organism acts toward its environment to get the basic needs of life
Independent Behavior A behavior that does not affect other organisms
Cooperation When one organisms helps others
Competition The contest among organisms to obtain the resources that they need to survive and reproduce
Population Size The number of organisms of one species that live together in one area at one time
Population Density The number of organisms of one species in a given area at one time
Carrying Capacity The largest number of individuals that an environment can support and maintain over time
Limiting Factor Any abiotic or biotic factor that restricts the number of individuals in a population
Social Hierarchy This behavior establishes an order within a population so that animals cooperate more and compete less.
Territory The area that an animal defends from other members of the same species
Territorial Imperitave The behavior that occurs to defend an animal’s territory
Niche The role or job of an organism in its environment
Predator An animal that hunts and kills its food
Prey An animal that is hunted and killed for food
Scavenger An animal that eats dead or dying animals (does not hunt)
Cyclic Behavior Innate (inborn) behavior that occurs in a repeating pattern
Nocturnal An animal is active at night
Diurnal An animal is active during the day
Migration A behavioral adaptation that causes the seasonal movement of animals to obtain their needs of life
Hibernation A behavioral adaptation that causes animals to become inactive in the winter months
Estivation A behavioral adaptation that causes animals to become inactive in the hot or dry summer months
Tropism A plant response to a stimulus in its environment
Dormancy A period of rest in plants so that they can survive cold winter months or hot, dry summer months
Population A group of one kind of organism
Community All of the species living in one area at the same time
Ecosystem All of the abiotic and biotic factors
Biosphere All of the ecosystems
Symbiotic Relationship A close, long-lasting relationship between 2 organisms of different species
Created by: 3095017
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