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7th Science

Chapter 10- Effie Subardoe

What does the arthropod order include? Include the ant, the locust, and the spiders
Arthropods Invertebrates with external skeletons and jointed appendages
The five major classes of arthropods are ______, __________,________,__________, and _________. Insects, crusaceans, archanids, centipedes, and millipedes
Exoskeletons Outside skeletons
Chitin This protein composes the exoskeletons
What are the five major characteristics arthropods share? Exoskeleton, segemented bodies, jointed appendages, open circulatory system, molting
Molting The shedding of the endoskeleton
Open system of circulation When the blood is not restricted to blood vessels
Jean-Henri Fabre Frenchmen who contributed much to the stody of insects
Entomologist A zoologist who studies insects
Fabre became known as the greatest __________. Entomologist
The class Insecta Insects
Insects are ___ ____ ______ ___ _______ _______. The most varied and numerous creatures
The instect's three distinct body regions Head, thorax, abdomen
All singles have a single pair of _________. Antennae
Most adult insects have either ______ eyes or ________ eyes. simple, compound
Spiracles Tiny opening that lead to the trachea
Insects are the only invertebrates that can ___. fly
Direct development When an insects is a miniature replica of their parents and merly grow larger with each molt
What are the two types of metaporphises for insects? Complete or incomplete
Complete metamorphis When a egg turns into a larva, then a pupa (usually in a cocoon or chrysalis), then adult
Larva A worm-like growing stage
Cocoon or chrysallis A protective case to spend to pupa stage in
Adult insects do not _____ or ____. grow, molt
Incomplete metamorphis When an insect goes into an egg, then nymph, then molts into and adult
Nymph An immature form of an insect that resembles the adult but has different body proportions and lack wings
Although an insect's eyes are immovable and its head has only limited movement, it's bulging compound eyes enable it to see _______ __________ __ _ ______ . several directions at a time
Optic (sight) nerve Transmits the information from an insect's lenses through to the insect's brain.
Insect antennae have a wide range of ____, _____, and ______. shapes, sizes, uses
Sensilla "little sense organ"; usually look like tiny hairs
Each insect has a "custom-made" set of __________ designed to fit the food God planned for it to eat. mouthparts
Labrum An insect's upper lip
Labium An insect's lower lip
Palps Sensory organs insects use to feel and taste their food
Maxillae Paired jaws that assist the mandibles
Most types of insects have ___ _____ __ ______. two pairs of wings
Many insects are grouped in orders by the ____ ___ _______ ___ _____ _______. design and structures of their wings
"-ptera" Wing
The easiest way to distinguish between the thorax is to what? Notice the attachment of the legs; the legs attach only to the thorax
An insect has an intricately designed and amazingly complex ______ _______. respiratory network
Tracheoles The smallest tubes in an insect's respiratory system that attach directly to individual cells, providing them with a rich supply of oxygen and removing carbon dioxide
Ovipositor An egg-laying organ a female has on the end of her abdomen
Beetles Make up the Coleoptera order
Coleoptera Sheathed wings; the largest order of insects
Elytra Hard fore-wings a beetle has that fit closely over its body like a shell
Ladybug [ladybird beetle] A beetle that feeds on aphids
Aphids Plant lice
Weevils [snout beetles] Have hard coats and strong legs and a rostrum
Rostrum A beak-like projection at the front of a weevil's body
Granary weevils Destroy oats and rye
Boll weevil Destroy cotton plants
Firefly [lighting bug] Beetles that produce light during mating season
Fireflies are among the few species of terrestrial animals that exhibit ______________. bioluminescence
Whirligig beetles Swim on the surface of a pond; God gave them four compound eyes; two above the water, two under
Predatory diving beetle Stores air in spaces under its elytra; spiracles open to these spaces allowing it to breathe underwater
Bug An insect with a special type of piercing-sucking mouthparts
Hemiptera [half wings] Order made up of true bugs and includes some common pests
In Hemiptera, the front half of the fore-wings are ________, like a beetle's elytra, while the back half are ___________ like most insect wings hardened, membranous
Stinkbug Posses glands that produce an oily substance with a bad odor
Homoptera [same wings] An order in which the insect's wings are normally of the same size, shape, and form
Lac insect Lives in Asia and secretes a resinous substance that can be processed into shellac [used for lacquer and wood finishes
Cicada Lives underground as a nymph for 13 or 17 years, and the tunnels to the surface to spend a week or two as an adult
Diptera "two wings" Order has piercing-sucking mouthparts; includes mosquitoes flies and gnats
Mosquitoes Female mosquitoes bite to obtain the animal or human blood that she need for the proper development of eggs
Anticoagulant A substance that delays or prevents blood clotting
Housefly A carrier of the microbes responsible for such diseases as dysentery and typhoid fever
Maggots The larvae of flies
Crane fly About three times the size of a mosquito but does not bite
Black flies or buffalo gnats Live around a pond and are active during the day; females are bloodsuckers
True midge Is smaller than a mosquito and has feathery antennae
Horsefly and deerfly Closely resemble houseflies but they are larger
Orthoptera "straight wings" Includes crickets, grasshoppers, katydids, locusts, mantises, and cockroaches
When insects from the order Orthoptera are not flying, they hold their narrowly folded wings _____ ___ ____ ____. straight along their body
What two groups are grasshoppers divided into? Long-horned grasshoppers and short-horned grasshoppers
Long-horned grasshoppers Include katydids and crickets
Short-horned grasshopper Locusts
Because each species of grasshoppers has a distinctive song, a trained ear can identify a particular type of grasshopper (locust), cricket or katydid by ___ even more accurately than _________. song , appearance
Stridulatory organs Grasshopper's "musical instruments"
How exactly does a grasshopper make sound The scraper is rubbed across a file, and the forewings resonate this sound
Scraper Often with a row of ridges like a comb
File May be smooth or bumpy
Mantis Uses a praying stance to catch bugs and has a long, slender body
Cokcroaches Among the word'smost numerous insects
Brazilian cockroach and the Madagascar hissing cockroach Kept as pets
Odenta "toothed" (this name does no refer to wings) The order Dragonflies and damselflies are in
Dragonflies Recognizable by their long, slender bodies and two pairs of nearly transparent wings of almost identical size
Damselflies Similar to dragonflies but smaller and are usually a bright, sky ble color
While dragonflies hold their wings __________ when not in flight, damselflies hold their wings _____ ___ _____; this is the big difference between dragon and damsel flies. horizontally, upward and backward
Neuroptera "nerve wings" Include ant lions and lacewings
The ant lion is sometimes called the ___ ____ _____ to distinguish it from its larval form. ant lion fly
What are ant lions known for? For making insect traps in sandy areas protected by rain
Lacewings Feed on aphids; sometimes they eat so many that they are called aphid lions
Hymenoptera "membrane wings" Pass through the stages of complete metamorphosis, includes the social insects
Social insects Ants, bees, and wasps
Honeybees Live in nearly every area of the world; have very organized communities
Queen Her function is to lay eggs
Drones {male bees} Fly with the queen so that she can mate with one of them, making it possible for her to lay her fertilized eggs
Fertilized bee eggs develop into _________, unfertilized to _____. females, males
Worker bees {females} Perform various specialized (they pretty much do all the work)
A particular worker's job generally depends on her ___. age
Crop A saclike organ that holds the liquid from nectar
Stinger A bee's defense mechanism
Why shouldn't you take a bee stinger out with tweezers? You could squeeze the poison out
How do bumblebees differ from honeybees? The queen only live through the winter
Wasps Resemble bees in both appearance an behavior
What are the differences between bees and wasps? The wasp has a long and thin body with little or no hair and a threadlike waist, while a bee's body is thick and round and furry with no clearly visible waist
Hornets, yellow jackets, and social and paper wasps Make paperlike nests
All members of a ____ _____' colony, except the queens, die before winter social wasps
Solitary wasps Don't live in organized wasps
Mud dauber Builds neat rows of cells out of mud; puts paralyzed spiders in the cells to ensure that her larvae will have food
Potter wasps Use mud to construct cells that look like tiny pots or urns
Ants Social insect that is omnivorous
All ants are ______. social
How many queens can an ant colony have? Several
Soldier ants Specialized workers equipped with large mandibles that may be used in fighting for the colony
Dairy ants Feed and protect aphids in order to "milk" them for food; found on every continent besides Antartica
Cornfield ants Tends "herds" of corn root aphids
Honeydew A sweet substance ants obtain from aphids that nourishes the ant
Mutualism A close relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit
Army ant Spends its life wandering
Driver ants The African species of Army ants
Ant nests ____ ___ _____. vary in size
In spite of it's many legs, a millipede moves __________. Slowly
Diplopoda "double feet" Includes millipedes
Centipedes prey upon ______ _______, including ___________ and _________. pesky insects, cockroaches, silverfish
Chiplopoda "lip feet" Includes centipedes; carnivorous
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Because of the diseases they transmit, _______ and _____ join fleas, flies, and mosquitoes as man's worst arthropod enemies. mites and ticks
Chigger The larva form of a harvest mite; near microscopic, can cause dermatitis
Scabies A skin disease caused by mites
Mange Another skin disease caused by mites; fatal to animals if not treated
Cattle tick Often infects cattle with the Texas fever
Ticks can transmit diseases like _______ ______ ______ _______ (wood tick) or _______ __________(deer tick). Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease
While mites are usually no longer than ____ ___ ___ ______, a tick may measure over ____ ______ after consuming a large meal of blood. 1/25 of an inch, an inch
Mites and Ticks By far the most numerous arachnids
Pseudoscorpions posses ____ ________. silk glands
Book scorpions A name given to Pseudoscorpions because they like to hide between the pages of books
Pseudoscorpions "false scorpions; the difference is they have no stinger, are smaller, and it has a short, flattened abdomen
Female scorpions do not _____ ____, but have _____ ______. lay eggs, live young
Scorpions Found in the southern and south-western United States and in all tropical climates; range in length from less than an inch to about 8 inches
A harvestman is not a spider because it has only ____ _____, and lacks a _________, or "waist", between its two body regions. two eyes, constriction
Harvestmen (daddy longlegs) A group of archanids known for the extremely long, spindley legs
Created by: nelsonclan