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Neuro Exam- Seizures

Concentration, memory, and is the largest lobe Frontal
Analyzes sensory info and relays to vital areas Parietal
Auditory reception and understanding of sound Temporal
Visual interpretation lobe Occipital
Relay station for spinal cord: vital area Brain stem
Provides smooth, coordinated movement Cerebellum
Language deficiency is called ________ and results from injury to different parts of the brain. Aphasia
Type of aphasia that occurs with injury to temporal lobe. Auditory-receptive aphasia
Type of aphasia that occurs with injury to parietal and occipital lobes. Visual-receptive aphasia
Type of aphasia that occurs with injury to frontal lobe Expressive Speaking and Writing
Patients cannot comprehend words or recognize auditory, visual, or tactile symbols. Auditory-receptive aphasia
The ability to create words is impaired, but comprehension and ability to conceptualize are relatively preserved. Visual-receptive aphasia
When reflexes are hyperactive, a phenomenon called ________ may be elicited. Clonus
Hyperactive, repeated reflexes are known as Clonus
What are three main classifications of seizure disorders? Generalized, Focal, and Uknown
Test provides diagnostic evidence and classifies type of seizure EEG
Test detects and visualizes structural lesions MRI
Test identifies the zone where the area of the brain gives rise to the seizures so it may be surgically removed SPECT
What lab tests are priority in seizure diagnosis? BUN, creatinine, electrolytes
Four types of seizures Generalized (Tonic-clonic/Grand Mal), Absence (Staring), Simple Partial and Complex Partial
Acute prolonged seizure activity lasting up to 30 minutes or longer. Considered a medical emergency. Status Epilepticus
Brain uses more energy than can be supplied. Repeated episodes of cerebral anoxia and edema may lead to irreversible brain damage. Status Epilepticus
What two drugs may be given during status epilepticus and via what route? Ativan/Valium, Rectal
What are causes of status epilepticus? Withdrawal or interruption of meds, fever, concurrent infection and with puberty
70-80% epileptic pt may be controlled with _____ meds
SE of daily epilepsy meds are mild to life-threating (usually d/t _______). Toxicity
Meds for epilepsy must be taken for _______ and ______ is necessary. Life, compliance
This semester is ALMOST OVER!!!! WOOHOOO!!!!!!
Created by: mreedy