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ch.17 vocabe

vocab

QuestionAnswer
Binomial Nomenclature the system of nomenclature in which two terms are used to denote a species of living organism, the first one indicating the genus and the second the specific epithet.
class assign or regard as belonging to a particular category.
classification the action or process of classifying something according to shared qualities or characteristics.
division disagreement between two or more groups, typically producing tension or hostility.
domain a specified sphere of activity or knowledge.
family all the descendants of a common ancestor.
genus a principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family, and is denoted by a capitalized Latin name,
kingdom the second highest taxonomic rank below domain. Kingdoms are divided into smaller groups called phyla.
order a taxonomic rank used in the classification of organisms and recognized by the nomenclature codes.
phylum a taxonomic rank below kingdom and above class
taxon a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
taxonomy The taxonometric way of classifying organisms is based on similarities between different organisms
character any observable feature, or trait, of an organism, whether acquired or inherited
cladistic an approach to biological classification in which organisms are grouped together based on whether or not they have one or more shared unique characteristics that come from the group's last common ancestor and are not present in more distant ancestors.
cladogram an evolutionary tree because it does not show how ancestors are related to descendants or how much they have changed; many evolutionary trees can be inferred from a single cladogram
molecular clock a technique in molecular evolution that uses fossil constraints and rates of molecular change to deduce the time in geologic history when two species or other taxa diverged.
phylogeny the development or evolution of a particular group of organisms
archaea constitute a domain or kingdom of single-celled microorganisms
fungus any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multi nucleated organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow,
protist any member of the kingdom Protista, a group of eukaryotic, predominantly unicellular microscopic organisms