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Ch. 17 Vocab.

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Binomial Nomenclature Linnaeus’s system of naming organisms, which gives a scientific two-word Latin name to each species--the first part is the genus name and the second is the specific epithet
Class taxonomic group that contains one or more related orders
Classification grouping of organisms or objects based on a set of criteria that helps organize, communicate, and retain information
Division taxonomic term used instead of phylum to group related classes of plants and bacteria
Domain taxonomic group of one or more kingdoms
Family taxonomic group of similar, related genera that is similiar than a genus and larger than an order
Genus taxonomic group of closely related species with a common ancestor
Kingdom taxonomic group of related phyla or divisions
Order taxonomic group that contains related families
Phylum taxonomic group of related classes
Taxon named group of organisms, such as phylum, genus, or species
Taxonomy branch of biology that identifies, names, and classifies species based on their natural relationships
Character inherited morphological or biochemical feature that varies among species and can be used to determine patterns of descent
Cladistics taxonomic method that models evolutionary relationships based on shared derived characters and phylogenetic trees
Cladogram diagram with branches that represents the hypothesized phylogeny or evolution of a species or group; uses bioinformatics, morphological studies, and information from DNA studies
Molecular Clock model that uses comparisons of DNA sequences to estimate phylogeny and rate of evolutionary change
Phylogeny evolutionary history of a species
Archaea prokaryotes whose cell walls do not contain peptidoglycan
Fungus unicellular or multicellular eukaryote that is stationary, absorbs nutrients from the rest of the population and interbreeds, producing unique allelic variations
Protist unicellular, multicellular, or colonial eukaryotic whose cell walls may contain cellulose; can be plant-like, animal-like, or funguslike
Created by: emarroquin33