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Theory -3rd test

Block 1 - Respiration

A barrel chest is often seen in patients with COPD/Emphysema
People with COPD have a longer (prolonged) Expiratory time
When someone with COPD breathes They often breathe with pursed lips.
Accessory muscles are often required To help with breathing when someone has COPD
A manifestation seen in the later stages of COPD is Cor Pulmonale
A low grade temperature late in the afternoon is often experienced by people with TB
Malaise, anorexia, and weight loss is often experienced by people with TB
When a patient with TB coughs, he or she may be experiencing Hemoptysis (advanced state)
A prominent headache is one sign of The flu
Sneezing is often seen more with A cold
The flu Can produce extreme fatigue that can last 2-3 weeks
A cold Will leave a person with a mild to moderate hacking cough
Muscle aches and pains are more extreme when a person is suffering from The flu
There is obstruction of the bronchioles, impaired gas exchange, and increased exudate when a person has Pneumonia
The flu A person presents with a fever between 102 - 104 degrees that came on quickly and has lasted 3-4 days. These are symptoms of ...
Pneumonia A person experiences tachycardia, tachypnea, pleural pain, and decreased breath sounds. Suspect possible
What is the process of moving air in and out of the lungs? Ventilation
Diffusion = Respiratory gas exchange that occurs at the alveolar, capillary level
Blood - CV system pumping the blood that has O2 & it pumps it to the tissues, then returns the deoxygenated blood to the lungs = Perfusion
What helps to maintain the surface tension in the lungs? Surfactant
Immunity Our state of responsiveness to foreign substances is from our ...
When we are in balance we have Homeostasis
Our first line of defense is Innate (natural - native) immunity.
This type of immunity is present at birth ... Innate
Innate immunity is not Antigen specific
Our second line of defense is Inflammation
Our third line of defense is Adaptive (acquired) immunity
We build up antibodies to help fight with Our third line of defense (adaptive - acquired - immunity)
Characteristics of the first line of defense includes Sloughing off of cells, coughing and sneezing, flushing, vomiting, mucus & cilla
Skin, linings of the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and respiratory tracts = The first line of defense
First line of defense includes Epithelial cell-derived chemical barriers
Synthesized & secreted saliva, tears, ear wax, sweat, and mucus Are part of the first line of defense
These help the first line of defense Antimicrobial peptides and normal bacterial flora
What is the first immune response to an injury? Inflammation
Ways to help people learn to breathe with COPD Pursed lip breathing : prolongs exhalation and prevents bronchiolar collapse and air trapping Effective coughing Aerosol nebulization therapy
Created by: Block 1 Theory