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Music Definitions

Music Definitions for Beginning Band Vocabulary Test

TermDefinition
Accent Emphasize the note
Accidental Any sharp, flat, or natural sign that does not appear in the key signature
Allegro Fast Tempo
Andante Slower, Walking Tempo
Apreggio A "broken" chord whose notes are played individually
Bass Clef The clef whose line names are G,B,D,F, and A
Bar Lines Lines that divide the music staff into measures
Beat The pulse of music
Blues A form of jazz that features altered notes and is usually written in twelve measure verses
Breath Mark Take a deep breath through your mouth after you play a full length note
Chord When two or more notes are played together
Chromatic Notes Notes altered with sharps, flats, and natural signs that are not in the key signature
Chromatic Scale A scale made up of consecutive half steps
Common Time Same as 4/4
D.C. Al Fine Play again from the beginning stopping at Fine
Decrescendo Gradually Softer
Diminuendo Gradually Softer
Crescendo Gradually Louder
Dotted Half Note 3 beats of sound
Dotted Quarter Note 1 1/2 beats of sound
Double Bar Indicates the end of a piece of music
Duet A composition with two different parts played together
Dynamics Tone/Sound of the notes
Eigth Note 1/2 a beat of sound
Eigth Rest 1/2 a beat of silence
Embouchure The position of your mouth while playing
Enharmonics Two notes that are written differently but sound the same
Fermata Hold the note/rest longer than normal
1st and 2nd Ending Play through the first ending. Then play through the repeated section of music, skipping the 1st ending and going to the 2nd ending
Flat Lowers the note and remains in effect for the entire measure
Forte Play Loudly
Glissando A technique for Trombone used in ragtime and other styles of music.
Half Note 2 beats of sound
Harmony Two notes played together
Interval The distance between two pitches
Key Signature Tells which notes to play with sharps or flats through out the music
Largo Very slow tempo
Ledger Lines Lines the extend the music staff
Measure A section of music
Mezzo Forte Play moderately loud
Moderato Medium Tempo
Multiple Measure Rest The measure above the staff that tells you how many measures to rest
Music Staff The 5 lines and four spaces where notes and rests are placed
Natural Sign Cancels a sharp or flat for the rest of the measure
Notes Tells how high/low and how long to play
Phrase A music sentence usual 2 measures long
Pick-up Notes One or more notes before the first measure that are subtracted form the last measure
Quarter Note 1 beat of sound
Ragtime An American Music Style
Choose the blank for a free point!
Repeat Sign Play once again from the beginning
Rest Silent Beats
Quarter Rest 1 beat of silence
Half Rest 2 beats of silence
Whole Rest 4 beats of silence
Scale A sequence of notes in ascending and descending order
Sharp Raises the note for the rest of the measure
Slur A curved line that connects notes of different pitch
Soli A group "solo" or group feature
Solo A part that only one person plays
Tempo Speed of Music
Theme and Variables A musical form featuring a primary melody (theme) followed by some altered versions (variables) of the theme.
Tie A curved line that connects notes of the same pitch
Treble clef Clef whose note names are E,G,B,D, and F
Time signature Indicates how many beats per measure
Trio Three different parts played together
Whole Note Four beats of sound
Clarinet A keyed woodwind instrument with a cylinder bore and a single reed
Saxophone A single feed instrument invented in the middle of the 19th century
Tuba An instrument with a varying number of valves that allow the shortening and lengthening of notes
Trumpet A brass instrument that consits of three valves
Created by: NerdyAngel