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Mammalogy

Laboratory Diversity (2)

QuestionAnswer
Order: Cingulata Family: Dasypodidae Dasypus novemcinctus Nine-Banded Armadillo Not in Michigan Large diastema, scaled and banded
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Tamias minimus Least Chipmunk U.P. Stripes go to the base of the tail. 5 Upper Cheek teeth
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Tamias striatus Eastern Chipmunk Statewide Stripes end anterior to the tail 4 upper cheek teeth
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Marmota monax Woodchuck Statewide Concave skull on top, Posterior edge of posterior process is a right angle, occipital region is flat and vertical
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Thirteen-lined ground squirrel Lower Peninsula and Western U.P. 13 lines on pelt 5 upper cheek teeth and yellow fronted-incisors
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Sciurus carolinensis Eastern grey squirrel Statewide Grey or black belt 5 upper cheek teeth
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciruidae Sciurus niger Easter fox squirrel Lower Peninsula, parts of East and Central U.P Orange-Grey pelt 4 upper cheek teeth
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Red squirrel Statewide Red pelt Nontapered skull, 3 visible divisions on the auditory bullae
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Glaucomys sabrinus Northern Flying Squirrel U.P. and Northern Lower Peninsula Belly fur grey at base Orange incisor fronts, 2 visible auditory bullae divisions; highly arched skull, 5 upper cheek teeth, narrow intraorbital region
Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae Glaucomys volans Southern flying squirrel Lower Peninsula and Western U.P. White belly fur 5 upper cheek teeth, narrow intraorbital region
Order: Rodentia Family: Castoridae Castor canadensis American Beaver Statewide Infraorbital foramen is smaller than the foramen magnum, tubular external auditory meatus
Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Peromyscus leucopus White-footed mouse Lower Peninsula and parts of the central Upper Peninsula Not a bi-colored tail
Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Peromyscus maniculatus Deer mouse Statewide Bi-colored tail
Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Myodes gapperi Southern red-backed vole Upper Peninsula and Northern Lower Peninsula Red stripe of fur
Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Microtus pennsylvanicus Meadow vole Statewide Six foot tubules Rectangular skull
Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Microtus oeconomus Tundra vole Not present in Michigan Grey pelt with a grey belly
Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae Ondontra zibethicus Muskrat Statewide Laterally compressed tail, partially webbed hind feet Huge, yellow incisors and a very flat skull
Order: Rodentia Family: Muridae Mus musculus House mouse Statewide Huge ears with varied pelt colors, pointy snout, sparse tail fur Incisors are notched
Order: Rodentia Family: Muridae Rattus norvegicus Norway Rat Statewide Naked tail V-shaped crest
Order: Rodentia Family: Dipodidae Napeozapus insignis Woodland Jumping mouse Upper Peninsula and Northern-most Lower Peninsula White tipped tail
Order: Rodentia Family: Dipodidae Zapus hudsonius Meadow jumping mouse Statewide Not as brightly colored, brown on top and yellow on sides with white belly
Order: Rodentia Family: Erethizontidae Erethizon dorsatum Porcupine Upper Peninsula and Northern Lower Peninsula Huge infraorbital foramen
Order: Lagomorpha Family: Leporidae Sylvilagus floridanus Eastern Cottontail Statewide except East Upper Peninsula Smaller back feet Post orbital process is tight against skull
Order: Lagomorpha Family: Leporidae Lepus americanus Snowshoe hare Upper Peninsula and Northern Lower Peninsula Huge back feet Curved front teeth, postorbital process is away from skull
Order: Perrissodactyla Family: Equidae Equus caballus Horse Everywhere Huge skull, very much sloped
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Antilocapridae Antilocapra americana Pronghorn Western-Central U.S. Brown, thick horns. One big curve, 1 second branch from it
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Cervus elaphus Elk or Wapiti Northern Lower Peninsula and the West Antlers come more from the top of the skull, not the side
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer Statewide One main branch with many smaller branches off the main one. Eyes face forward, no dent on top of the skull
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Odocoileus hemionus Mule deer Western U.S. Black on the top of the tail Two main branches, forked at the ends.
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Alces alces Moose Upper Peninsula and Isle Royale, Western States, Alaska, and Canada Antler pedestals on the side of the skull, not on the top
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Rangifer tarandus Caribou Boreal forest and the tundra Huge dent in skull, and eyes more on the side of the skull
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Bos taurus Cattle Everywhere Very flat skull
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Oreamnos americanus Mountain goat North West U.S. Very hairy, distinctive bushy beard off of chin
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Ovis canadensis Bighorn sheep Western U.S. Brown pelt Very tight antler coil, blunt end
Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Ovis dalli Dall sheep Alaska and Western U.S. White pelt Antler is not as tight, away from skull. Not as pointed on the end
Cape (African) Buffalo Sea level to mountains, dense coverage
Sable antelope Savannah and grassland
Greater kudu Thick cover
Waterbuck Grasslands near water
Nyala Dry Savannah woodland near grasslands and water
Red duiker Thick brush
Red hartebeest Edges of open plains
Reedbuck Grasslands and wide plains with tall grass
Bushbuck Forest edges and brush along streams
Oribi Tropical scrub forest, Savannah and grasslands
Gray duiker Thick brush
Impala Woodlands and grasslands
Spermophilus tereticaudus Round-tailed ground squirrel Creosote brush habitat Clay coloration, small
Cynomys ludovicianus Prairie dog Long fur with bushy tail
Neotoma albigula White-throated wood rat Creosote bush habitat Bigger and lighter colored than Neotoma lepida
Neotoma lepida Desert wood rat Browner and smaller than Neotoma albigula
Dipodomys deserti Desert kangaroo rat Sand dunes Light, furry, long tail. Large hind feet Heart shaped skull
Dipodomys merriami Merriam's kangaroo rat Creosote bush More grey than Dipodomys deserti
Dipodomys ordii Ord's kangaroo rat Great plains More orange than Dipodomys deserti and merriami
Peromyscus californicus California mouse Larger than Peromyscus maniculatus, bigger ears
Permoyscus maniculatus Deer mouse
Peromyscus eremicus Cactus mouse Hot, dry bush
Geomys breviceps Bairds pocket gopher Velvety and brown
Tamiasciurus douglasii Douglas squirrel Forests along Pacific coast Dotted fur, stripped tail
Created by: LionsandGiants