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Agriculture Science

Science Superbowl

What is the Mediterranean triad made up of? Wheat, Olives, Grapes/Wine
What grain was used as punishment for soldiers and food for animals? Barley and Millet
Name the tool used by Roman farmers to harvest wheat. Sickle
Name the process, in which the Romans beat wheat in order to get out the desirable parts of the wheat plant. Threshing
Name the process in which the Romans threw the wheat to separate it from the chaff. Winnowing
What tool was used in the process of threshing? Flail
How many hectares was the common Roman farm? 1.6 hectares
How many hectares did Roman hero,Cincinnatus have? 1.2 hectares
How often did olive trees produce olives? (assuming that the plant is full- grown) Bi- Annually
How many acres was one hectare? 2.47 acres
What was 80% to 90% of Romans’ job? Farming
What was the sow-to-reap ratio, for the Romans? 1:4
How much was the average surplus, in a good year? 5% to 10%
Who would typically harvest olives and grapes on a roman farm? Children and the elderly
Why were people looked down upon if they had more land than needed? They were considered selfish
Why would most farmers never sell any of their produce? They hardly had enough food to feed themselves
What tool was pulled by oxen? A plow
What tool was typically used to harvest wheat? Sickle
Why did Roman farmers not solely rely on olive trees, even if they had many of them? The olive trees took a long time to grow, and do not produce olives annually
What did the Romans use in cooking as butter? Olives
What was used to press the juice out of the grapes and olives? A press
Why would farmers only let animals, such as goats, graze on mountainous or infertile land? The land was unsuitable for farming, and thus had little use elsewhere
What was the sow to reap (plant to harvest) ratio, and what does it mean? 1 to 4. It was how many seeds they had to plant to get more seeds. Example: Plant 1 seed and harvest 4 seeds
Why was the sow to reap ratio small compared to today’s standards? Modern pesticides, farm equipment, and techniques were not available.
Created by: ifocht078