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EMS Chapter29 Ortho

Emergency Care & Transp. 10th Edition 2011 Jones & Bartlett

acromioclavicular (AC) joint A simple joint where the bony projections of the scapula and the clavicle meet at the top of the shoulder.
articular cartilage A pearly layer of specialized cartilage covering the articular surfaces (contact surfaces on the ends) of bones in synovial joints.
calcaneus The heel bone.
closed fracture A fracture in which the skin is not broken.
compartment syndrome Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue.
crepitus A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints rubbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling.
dislocation Disruption of a joint in which ligaments are damaged and the bone ends are completely displaced.
displaced fracture A fracture in which bone fragments are separated from one another and not in anatomic alignment.
ecchymosis Bruising or discoloration associated with bleeding within or under the skin.
fibula The outer and smaller bone of the two bones of the lower leg.
fracture A break in the continuity of a bone.
glenoid fossa The part of the scapula that joins with the humeral head to form the glenohumeral joint.
hematuria Blood in the urine.
joint The place where two bones come into contact.
nondisplaced fracture A simple crack in the bone that has not caused the bone to move from its normal anatomic position; also called a hairline fracture.
open fracture Any break in a bone in which the overlying skin has been damaged.
pelvic binders Used to splint the bony pelvis to reduce hemorrhage from bone ends, venous disruption, and pain.
point tenderness Tenderness that is sharply localized at the site of the injury, found by gently palpating along the bone with the tip of one finger.
position of function A hand position in which the wrist is slightly dorsiflexed and all finger joints are moderately flexed.
reduce Return a dislocated joint or fractured bone to its normal position; set.
retroperitoneal space The space between the abdominal cavity and the posterior abdominal wall, containing the kidneys, certain large vessels, and parts of the gastrointestinal tract.
sciatic nerve The major nerve to the lower extremities; controls much of muscle function in the leg and sensation in most of the leg and foot.
sling A bandage or material that helps to support the weight of an injured upper extremity.
splint A flexible or rigid appliance used to protect and maintain the position of an injured extremity.
sprain A joint injury involving damage to supporting ligaments, and sometimes partial or temporary dislocation of bone ends.
strain Stretching or tearing of a muscle; also called a muscle pull.
subluxation A partial or incomplete dislocation.
swathe A bandage that passes around the chest to secure an injured arm to the chest.
tibia The shin bone, the larger of the two bones of the lower leg.
tourniquet The bleeding control method used when a wound continues to bleed despite the use of direct pressure and elevation; useful if a patient is bleeding severely from a partial or complete amputation.
traction Longitudinal force applied to a structure.
zone of injury The area of potentially damaged soft tissue, adjacent nerves, and blood vessels surrounding an injury to a bone or a joint.
Created by: Liwa91



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