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EMS Chapter24 Soft-T

Emergency Care & Transp. 10th Edition 2011 Jones & Bartlett

TermDefinition
abrasion Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scraping across a rough or hard surface.
amputation An injury in which part of the body is completely severed.
avulsion An injury in which soft tissue is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap.
burns Injuries in which soft-tissue damage occurs as a result from thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation.
closed injuries Injuries in which damage occurs beneath the skin or mucous membrane but the surface remains intact.
compartment syndrome Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue.
contact burn A burn caused by direct contact with a hot object.
contamination The presence of infectious organisms or foreign bodies on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
contusion A bruise from an injury that causes bleeding beneath the skin without breaking the skin.
crush syndrome Significant metabolic derangement that develops when crushed extremities or body parts remain trapped for prolonged periods. This can lead to renal failure and death.
crushing injury An injury that occurs when a great amount of force is applied to the body.
dermis The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
ecchymosis Bruising or discoloration associated with bleeding within or under the skin.
epidermis The outer layer of skin that acts as a watertight protective covering.
evisceration The displacement of organs outside of the body.
fascia The fiberlike connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments.
flame burn A burn caused by an open flame.
flash burn A burn caused by exposure to very intense heat, such as in an explosion.
full-thickness (third-degree) burns Burns that affects all skin layers and may affect the subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark brown, or charred.
hematoma A mass of blood in the soft tissues beneath the skin.
incision A sharp, smooth cut.
laceration A jagged, open wound.
mucous membranes The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate directly or indirectly with the environment outside the body.
occlusive dressings A dressing made of Vaseline-impregnated gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that protects a wound from air and bacteria.
open injuries Injuries in which there is a break in the surface of the skin or the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissue to potential contamination.
partial-thickness (second-degree) burns Burns affecting the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the subcutaneous tissue; characterized by blisters and skin that is white to red, moist, and mottled.
penetrating wound An injury resulting from a sharp, pointed object.
rabid Describes an animal that is infected with rabies.
rule of nines A system that assigns percentages to sections of the body, allowing calculation of the amount of skin surface involved in the burn area.
scald burn A burn caused by hot liquids.
steam burn A burn caused by exposure to hot steam.
superficial (first-degree) burns Burns affecting only the epidermis; characterized by skin that is red but not blistered or actually burned through.
thermal burns Burns caused by heat.
Created by: Liwa91