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Ch 12 Bellringers

Medical Overview

QuestionAnswer
In contrast to the assessment of a trauma pt, assessment of a medical pt is focused on the NOI, the pt's c/c, and his or her symptoms.
Which of the following conditions is NOT categorized as a psychiatric condition? Substance abuse
The greatest danger in displaying a personal bias or “labeling” a pt who frequently calls EMS is overlooking a potentially serious medical condition.
An index of suspicion is MOST accurately defined as your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries or illness.
You and your EMT partner arrive at the residence of a 50-year-old man who c/o weakness. Your primary assessment reveals that he is critically ill and will require aggressive treatment. The closest hospital is 25 miles away. You should manage all threats to airway, breathing, and circulation and consider requesting an ALS unit.
When forming your general impression of a pt c‾ a medical complaint, it is important to remember that the conditions of many medical pts may not appear serious at first.
Upon initial contact c‾ a pt who appears to be unconscious, you should attempt to elicit a verbal response by talking to the pt.
Your primary assessment of an elderly woman reveals she is experiencing difficulty breathing. She has a history of emphysema, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. As you assess the pt's circulatory status, you should direct your partner to administer oxygen c‾ the appropriate device.
In addition to looking for severe bleeding, assessment of circulation in the conscious pt should involve checking the radial pulse and noting the color, temperature, and condition of his or her skin.
When assessing a pt c‾ a medical complaint, which of the following would MOST likely reveal the cause of his or her problem? History taking
Which of the following will MOST reliably allow you to determine the nature of a pt's illness? Asking questions related to the c/c
When caring for a pt who takes numerous medications, it is best to take all of the pt's medications c‾ you to the hospital and document them on your pt care report.
The secondary assessment of a medical pt is not practical if the pt is critically ill or your transport time is short.
Primary assessment of a man c‾ crushing chest pain. The pt has been given 324 mg of aspirin and is receiving high-flow oxygen via NRB. As you begin your secondary assessment, you note that his mental status has deteriorated and he is now bradycardic. You should prepare the pt for immediate transport.
When performing a secondary assessment on a conscious pt c‾ nontraumatic abdominal pain and stable vital signs, you should focus on his or her c/c.
It is especially important to assess pulse, sensation, and movement in all extremities as well as pupillary reactions in pts c‾ a suspected ___________ problem Neurologic
Which of the following assessment findings is MOST indicative of a cardiovascular problem? Jugular venous distention
A 33-year-old female presents c‾ lower abdominal quadrant pain. She is in moderate pain. While your partner is asking her questions about her medical history, you take her vital signs. When you assess her radial pulse, you are unable to locate it. You should assess the rate, regularity, and quality of her carotid pulse.
End-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) monitoring is clearly indicated for pts who present c‾ respiratory distress.
Reassessment of a pt c‾ a medical complaint should begin by repeating the primary assessment.
The primary prehospital treatment for most medical emergencies addresses the pt's symptoms more than the actual disease process.
Which of the following medications would the EMT LEAST likely administer to a pt c‾ a medical complaint? Naloxone (Narcan)
When caring for a pt c‾ an altered mental status and signs of circulatory compromise, you should limit your time at the scene to 10 minutes or less, if possible.
The determination of whether a medical pt is a high-priority or low-priority transport is typically made p‾ the primary assessment has been completed.
In which of the following situations would it be MOST appropriate to utilize an air medical transportation service? 61-year-old man c‾ signs and symptoms of a stroke and your ground transport time is 50 minutes
Which of the following conditions often requires transport to a hospital c‾ specialized capabilities that may not be available at the closest hospital? Stroke and heart attack
P‾ sizing up the scene of a pt c‾ a possible infectious disease, your next priority should be to take standard precautions.
Typical c/cs in pts c‾ an infectious disease include fever, rash, nausea, and difficulty breathing.
In addition to obtaining a SAMPLE history and asking questions related to the c/c, what else should you inquire about when assessing a pt c‾ a potentially infectious disease? Recent travel
An infectious disease is MOST accurately defined as a medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small harmful organisms c‾ in the body.
Which of the following statements regarding the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is correct? The risk of HIV infection is greatest when deposited on a mucous membrane or directly into the bloodstream.
Syphilis is a bloodborne disease that can successfully be treated c‾ penicillin.
Early signs and symptoms of viral hepatitis include all of the following, EXCEPT jaundice and abdominal pain.
Which of the following statements regarding hepatitis A is correct? Hepatitis A can only be transmitted by a pt who has an acute infection.
Hepatitis B is more virulent than hepatitis C, which means that it has a greater ability to produce disease.
A pt who presents c‾ a headache, fever, confusion, and red blotches on his or her skin should be suspected of having meningitis.
Pts c‾ tuberculosis pose the greatest risk for transmitting the disease when they cough
In contrast to viral hepatitis, toxin-induced hepatitis is not a communicable disease.
Ten days p‾ treating a 34-year-old pt c‾ tuberculosis, you are given a tuberculin skin test, which yields a positive result. This MOST likely indicates that you were exposed to another infected person prior to treating the 34-year-old pt.
Which of the following statements regarding methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is correct? MRSA is a bacterium that causes infections and is resistant to most antibiotics.
Factors that increase the risk for developing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) include prolonged hospitalization, especially in an intensive care unit.
A pt who was bitten by a mosquito and presents c‾ signs and symptoms of illness should be suspected of having West Nile Virus
Which of the following statements regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is correct? SARS is caused by a virus and usually starts c‾ flulike symptoms that deteriorate to pneumonia and respiratory failure.
Which of the following statements regarding the H1N1 virus is correct? It is only one type of influenza among the many other strains of influenza that exist and infect humans.
Created by: kelseya719