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MH addiction 2

QuestionAnswer
Alcohol withdrawal. Lorazepam (Ativan)
2--4 mg every 2--4 hrs PRN Lorazepam (Ativan)
Monitor vital signs and global assessment for effectiveness; may cause dizzy or drowsy Lorazepam (Ativan)
Alcohol withdrawal Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
50-100 mg, repeat in 2-4 hours if necessary; not to exceed 300 mg per day Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
Monitor vital signs and global assessment for effectiveness; may cause dizzy or drowsy Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
Maintains abstinence from alcohol Disulfiram (Anatabuse)
500 mg/day for one-two weeks, then 250 mg/day Disulfiram (Anatabuse)
Teach client to read labels to avoid products with alcohol Disulfiram (Anatabuse)
Maintains abstinence from heroin Methodone (Dolophine)
Up to 120 mg/day for maintenance Methodone (Dolophine)
May cause nausea vomiting Methodone (Dolophine)
Maintains abstinence from opiates Levomethadyl (Orlaam)
60-milligram three times a week for maintenance Levomethadyl (Orlaam)
Do Not take drug consecutive days; take-home doses are not permitted Levomethadyl (Orlaam)
Maintains abstinence from opioids and decreases opiate cravings Buponorpine/naloxone (Suboxone)
4/1 mg-24/6 mg daily for maintenance Buponorpine/naloxone (Suboxone)
May cause orthostatic hypotension, sedation; avoid CNS depressants Buponorpine/naloxone (Suboxone)
Blocks the effects of opiates; reduces alcohol cravings Naltrexone (ReVia, Trexan)
350 mg/week, divided into three doses for opiate blocking if that; 50 mg/day for up to 12 weeks for alcohol cravings Naltrexone (ReVia, Trexan)
Client may not respond to narcotics used to treat cough, diarrhea or pain; take with food or milk; may cause headache, restlessness or irritability Naltrexone (ReVia, Trexan)
Suppresses opiate withdrawal symptoms Clonidine (Catapress)
0.1 mg every six hours PRN Clonidine (Catapress)
Take blood pressure before each dose; with cold if client is hypotensive Clonidine (Catapress)
Suppresses alcohol cravings Acamprosate (Campral)
666 mg three times daily Acamprosate (Campral)
Monitor for diarrhea, vomiting, flatulence, and pruritus Acamprosate (Campral)
Prevent or treat Wernicke--Korsakoff syndrome in alcoholism Thiamine (vitamin B1)
100 mg/day Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Teach client about proper nutrition Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Treat nutritional deficiencies Folic acid (folate)
1--2 mg/day Folic acid (folate)
Teach client about proper nutrition; urine may be dark yellow Folic acid (folate)
Treats nutritional deficiencies Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B 12)
25 -- 250 ug/day Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B 12)
Teach client about proper nutrition Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B 12)
Created by: srchilds