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Etcetera

Stack #189762

QuestionAnswer
Organophosphate Poisoning DUMBELS Diarrhea, Urination, Miosis, Bronchospasm, Emesis, Lacrimation, Salivation
Neural Tube Defect marker Elevated Acetylcholinesterase & alpha fetoprotein in amniotic fluid
Holoprosencephaly Trisomy 18 (Edwards), 13 (Patau), & fetal alcohol syndrome
Nissl Stain Negri bodies
Wernding-Hoffman Syndrome AR, anterior horn degeneration (LMN only) -> atonic baby dead at 7 mos
A wave, C wave, V wave Atrial kick, Mitral valve bulge, Atrial filling.
Mitral v. Tricuspid Regurg Sounds Mitral-> axilla. Tricuspid->RSB
Myopathy-Inducing Drugs Fibrates, Statins, Niacin, HCTZ, Glucocorticoids, Colchizine, INF-alpha, Penicillamine
Non-Bacterial Thrombotic Endocarditis Associated w/mucin-secreting lung & pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Mucin->pro-coagulation.
Drugs that elevate Uric Acid HCTZ, Niacin, Cyclosporine, Pyrazinamide
Strep Bovis Colon cancer-> Bactremia -> Endocarditis
Alternate BHP treatment Alpha blockers
High LDL Tx #1 Statin, #2 Ezetimibe
High TG Tx #1 Fibrates #2 Niacin
Low HDL Tx Niacin
Mitral Regurg Severity Correlates w/ S3
Mitral Stenosis Severity Correlates w/ earlier OS (Due to elevated atrial pressure)
TGF-Beta Function Angiogenesis, Fibroblast ECM production, Blocks Cell cycle
Bradykinin Function Released by kidney in addition to RAA activation. Local venoconstriction & arterial dilation (increase GFR). ACE degrades it. ACEIE->Angioedema
Brain & Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Increase ventricular blood volume -> frank-starling-mediated contractility -> atrial NP release -> ANP & BNP vasodilation, natriuresis & diuresis
Endothelin ANGII-mediated vasoconstriction. ACEIs blocks endothelin
Lipofuscin Indigestible oxidized lipids (yellow-brown). Normal aging
Glomus Body Mediates cutaneous blood supply & thermoregulation
Fibrillin-1 Marfan
Created by: Kyle Tiemeier