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Sexual Reproduction

Reproduction

TermDefinition
Progeny Testing A test of the value for selective breeding of an individual's genotype by looking at the progeny produced by different matings.
Donor Cows A cow that is of unusual value as a breeding animal.
Sperm Male sex cells.
Extenders An added ingredient used to increase the bulk of a food.
Estrous Cycle The recurring reproductive cycle in many female mammals, including estrus, ovulation, and changes in the uterine lining.
Straws Dried stalks of grain, used especially as fodder or as material for thatching, packing, or weaving.
Artificial Vagina A rigid tube that is used to collect semen for artificial insemination.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that promotes the formation of ova or sperm.
Luteinizing Hormone A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation in females and the synthesis of androgen in males.
Sire The male parent of an animal.
Motility The ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process.
Artificial Insemination The injection of semen into the vagina or uterus other than by sexual intercourse.
Embryo Transfer Embryos are placed into the uterus of a female with the intent to establish a pregnancy.
Quarantine A state of isolation in which people or animals have been or can be exposed to infectious or contagious disease.
Hormones A regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action.
Superovulation Marked by the production of more than the normal number of mature eggs at one time.
Dam The female parent.
Corpus Luteum A hormone-secreting structure that develops in an ovary after an ovum has been discharged but degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun.
Follicle The sheath of cells and connective tissue that surrounds the root of a hair.
Semen
Sperm Sexing
Protectant A substance that provides protection against diseases.
Ejaculation the discharge of semen from the reproductive tract of the male.
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone A hormone that causes a female to come into estrus.
Recipient Cows
Flow Cytometer A device that separates the sperm into different tubes according to the amount of light given off.
Conception The beginning of gestation; when a sperm fertilizes an ovum.
Created by: Clyrskai