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Energy Resources

Unit 9 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Oil A flammable liquid produced from organic matter (remains of marine organisms) buried under layers of sediments for millions of years
Natural Gas A gas usually found above oil deposits and burned to obtain energy, non-renewable resource
Coal Hard black substance extracted formed from dead plant matter in swampy areas,a non-renewable resource
Pressure The action of force by one object against another (in a geyser, hot water escapes the pressure from under layers of the earth’s crust)
Sedimentary Rock Rock made of layers of compressed organic and inorganic sediments
Fossil Fuel Non-renewable flammable material (coal, oil, natural gas) made from the remains of plants and animals buried in the Earth’s crust that is used to produce heat and power
Organic Matter The waste and remains of plants and animals
Alternative Energy Resource Energy generated by natural processes that is renewable
Wind Energy Energy that comes from changing the power of moving air into a useful form
Solar Energy Energy that comes from the Sun
Bio Fuel Fuel made from plants and plant or animal waste
Pollution Materials introduced into an environment that cause damage, discomfort or instability
Renewable Resource Materials from the Earth that can be replaced by nature in a short period of time; for example, trees
Nonrenewable Resource Materials from the Earth that cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time; for example, coal, oil, and natural gas
Fossil Preserved parts or traces of animals and plants that lived in the past
Sediment Small pieces of rock
Imprint A mark or depression of a plant or animal made by pressure
Created by: jchapates