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Medical Terminology

Chapter 14: Special Topics

aer/o air
bucc/o cheek
chem/o drug
cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
enter/o intestine
hal/o to breathe
iatr/o physician, medicine, treatment
idi/o distinctive
lingu/o tongue
muscul/o muscle
or/o mouth
pharmac/o drug
rect/o rectum
thec/o sheath (meninges)
topic/o a specific area
toxic/o poison
vagin/o vagina
ven/o vein
amnes/o forgetfulness
anxi/o fear, worry
chondr/o cartilage
compuls/o drive, compel
deluss/o false belief
depress/o to press down
electr/o electricity
factiti/o artificial, contrived
hallcuni/o imagined perception
klept/o steal
ment/o mind
obsess/o besieged by thoughts
path/o disease
ped/o child
pharmacy/o drug
phob/o irrational fear
phren/o mind
psych/o mind
pyr/o fire
schiz/o split
soci/o society
somat/o body
somn/o sleep
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
electr/o electric current
erg/o work
habilitat/o ability
hydr/o water
my/o muscle
orth/o straight, correct
phon/o sound
physic/o body
prosthet/o addition
therm/o heat
anter/o front
fluor/o fluorescence, luminous
later/o side
nucle/o nucleus
poster/o back
radi/o ray (X-ray)
roentgen/o X-ray
son/o sound
tom/o to cut
alges/o pain
aspir/o to breathe in
cis/o to cut
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
dilat/o to widen
electr/o electricity
esthes/o sensation, feeling
hal/o to breathe
hem/o blood
later/o side
lith/o stone
recumb/o to lie back
sect/o to cut
specul/o to look at
tenacul/o to hold
topic/o a specific area
ven/o vein
bi/o life
blast/o primitive cell
carcin/o cancerous
chem/o drug
cyt/o cell
immune/o protection
lapar/o abdomen
laps/o to slide back
miss/o to send back
morbid/o ill
mort/o death
mutat/o to change
onc/o tumor
path/o disease
radic/o root
radi/o rays (X-rays)
tox/o poison
anti- against
contra- against
in- inward
intra- within
para- near, beside
pro- before
sub- under
trans- through
an- without
anti- against
auto- self
bi- two
de- without
dis- apart
ex- outward
hyper- excessive
hypo- below
in- not
ultra- beyond
re- again
trans- across
ultra- beyond
an- without
dis- apart
endo- within
in- inward
intra- within
peri- around
post- after
pre- before
re- again
sub- under
en- inward
hyper- excessive
in- inward
neo- new
re- again
-al pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-genic produced by
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ist specialist
-logy study of
-phylaxis protectition
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ia state, condition
-iatrist physician
-iatry medical treatment
-ic pertaining to
-ism state of
-logical pertaining to the study of
-logist one who studies
-logy study of
-mania frenzy
-orexia appetite
-ous pertaining to
-philia attracted to
-therapy treatment
-tic pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-graphy process of recording
-ic pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-logist one who studies
-logy study of
-lucent to shine through
-opaque nontransparent
-scopy process of visually examining
-al pertaining to
-graphy process of recording
-ic pertaining to
-nomics pertaining to laws
-ous pertaining to
-phoresis carrying
-therapy treatment
-tic pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ia state, condition
-ic pertaining to
-ist specialist
-logist one who studies
-logy study of
-otomy to cut into
-ous pertaining to
-scopic pertaining to visually examining
-stasis standing still
-stat standing still
-al pertaining to
-gen that which produces
-genic producing
-logic pertaining to studying
-logist one who studies
-logy study of
-oma tumor
-opsy to view
-otomy to cut into
-plasia growth, formation
-plasm growth, formation
-therapy treatment
pharmacology the study of the origin, characteristics, nature, properties and effects of drugs on living organism
brand name name a pharmaceutical company chooses as trademark or market name for its drug; also called proprietary or trade name
chemical name name for a drug based on its chemical formula or molecular structure
generic name recognized and accepted official name for a drug; each drug has only one generic name; this name is not subject to trademark, so any pharmaceutical manufacturer may use it; also nonproprietary name
nonproprietary name recognized and accepted official name for drug; each drug has only one generic name, which is not subject to trademark, so any pharmaceutical manufacturer may use it; also called generic name
pharmaceutical related to medications or pharmacies
pharmacist (RPh or PharmD) receives drug requests made by physicians, and gathers pertinent information that would affect dispensing of certain drugs, reviews patients' medications for drug interactions, provides healthcare workers with information regarding drugs, & educates publi
proprietary name name a pharmaceutical company chooses as trademark or market name for its drug; also called brand or trade name
trademark pharmaceutical company's brand name for drug
controlled substancese drugs that have potential for being addictive (habit forming) or can be abused
drug enforcement agency (DEA) government agency that enforces regulation of controlled substances
over-the-counter drug (OTC) drugs accessible in drugstores without prescription; also called nonprescription drugs
prescription written explanation to pharmacist regarding name of medication, dosage, and times of administration
prescription drugs drug that can only be ordered by licensed physician, dentist, or veterinarian
aerosol drugs inhaled directly into nose and mouth
buccal (1.) pertaining to cheeks; (2.) drugs that are placed under lip or between cheek and gum
eardrops substance placed directly into ear canal for purpose of relieving pain or treating infection
eyedrops substance placed into eye to control eye pressure in glaucoma; also used during eye examinations to dilate pupil of eye for better examination of interior eye
inhalation (1.) to breathe air into lungs; also called inspiration; (2.) to introduce drugs into body by inhaling them
oral (1.) pertaining to mouth; (2.) administration of medication through mouth
parenteral route for introducing medication other than through gastrointestinal tract; most commonly involves injection into body through needle and syringe
rectal (1.) pertaining to rectum; (2.) substances introduced directly into rectal cavity in form of suppositories or solution; drugs may have to be administered by this route if patient is unable to take them by mouth due to nausea, vomiting, and surgery
sublingual (SL) (1.) pertaining to under tongue; (2.)administration of medicine by placing it under tongue
suppositories (suppose) method for administering medication by placing it in substance that will melt after being placed in body cavity, usually rectally, and release medication
topical applied directly to skin or mucous membranes; distributed in ointment, cream, or lotion form used to treat skin infections and eruptions
transdermal route of drug administration; medication coats underside of patch applied to skin ; medication is then absorbed across skin
vaginal (1.) pertaining to vagina; (2.) tablets and suppositories inserted vaginally and used to treat vaginal yeast infections and other irritations
abnormal psychology study and treatment of behaviors outside of normal and detrimental to person or society; these maladaptive behaviors range from occasional difficulty coping with stress, to bizarre actions and beliefs, to total withdrawal
clinical psychologist (PhD) diagnoses and treats mental disorders; specializes in using individual and group counseling to treat patients with mental and emotional disorders
normal psychology behaviors that include how personality develops, how people handle stress, and stages of mental development
psychology study of human behavior and thought process; behavioral science is primarily concerned with understanding how human beings interact with their physical environment and with each other
psychiatric nurse nurse with additional training in care of patients with mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
psychiatric social worker social worker with additional training in care of patients with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
psychiatrist (MD or DO) physician with specialized training in diagnosing and treating mental disorders; prescribes medication and conducts counseling
psychiatry branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders
occupational therapy (OT)- assists patients to regain, develop, and improve skills that are important for independent functioning; occupational therapy personnel work with people who, because of illness, injury, developmental, or psychological impairments, require specialized
training in skills that will enable them to lead independent, productive, and satisfying lives; occupational therapists instruct patients in use of adaptive equipment and techniques, body mechanics, and energy conservation; also employ modalities such as heat, cold, and therapeutic exercises
physical therapy (PT) treating disorders using physical means and methods; physical therapy personnel assess joint motion, muscle strength and endurance, function of heart and lungs, and performance of activities required in daily living, along with other responsibilities;
physical therapy treatment includes gait training, therapeutic exercises, massage, joint and soft tissue mobilization, thermal and cryotherapy, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, and hydrotherapy; methods strengthen muscles, improve motion and circulation, reduce pain, and increase function
anesthesia partial or complete loss of sensation with or without loss consciousness as a result of drug, disease, or injury
anesthesiologist physician who has specialization in practice of administering anesthetics
benign not cancerous; benign tumor is generally not progressive or recurring
malignant tumor that is cancerous; tumors are generally progressive and recurring
oncology branch of medicine dealing with tumors
protocol (prot) actual plan of care, including medications, surgeries, and treatments for care of patient; often entire healthcare team, including physician, oncologist, radiologist, nurse, and patient, will assist in designing treatment plan
tumors abnormal growth of tissue that may be benign or malignant; also called neoplasm
pathologist physician who specializes in evaluating specimens removed from living or dead patients
staging and M refers to presence of metastases of tumor cells process of classifying tumors based on degree of tissue invasion and potential response to therapy; TNM staging system is frequently used; T refers to tumor's size and invasion, N refers to lymph node involvement,
addiction acquired dependence on a drug
additive sum of the action of tow (or more) drugs given. In this case, the total strength of the medications is equal to the sum of the strength of each individual drug
antidote substance that will neutralize poisons or their side effects
broad spectrum ability of a drug to be effective against a wide range of microorganisms
contraindication condition in which a particular drug should not be used
cumulative action action that occurs in the body when a drug is allowed to accumulate or stay in the body
drug interaction occurs when the effect of one drug is altered because it was taken at the same time as another drug
drug tolerance decrease in susceptibility to a drug after continued use of the drug
habituation development of emotional dependence on a drug due to repeated use
iatrogenic usually an unfavorable response resulting from taking a medication
idiosyncrasy unusual or abnormal response to a drug or food
placebo The effect of the placebo versus the drug is then observed inactive, harmless substance used to satisfy patient's desire for medication. This also used in research when given to a control group of patients in a study in which another group receives a drug.
potentiation giving a patient a second drug to boost (potentiate) the effect of another drug. The total strength of the drugs is greater than the sum of the strength of the individual drugs.
prophylaxis prevention of disease. For example, an antibiotic can be used to prevent the occurrence of a disease
side effect response to a drug other than the effect desired. Also called and adverse reaction
tolerance development of a capacity for withstanding a large amount of a substance, such as food, drugs, or poison, without any adverse effect. A decreased sensitivity to further doses will develop
toxicity extent or degree to which a substance is poisonous
unit dose drug dosage system that provides prepackaged, prelabeled, individual medications that are ready for immediate use by the patient
anxiety disorders characterized by persistent worry and apprehension
panic attacks feeling of intense apprehension, terror, or sense of impending danger
anxiety feeling of dread in the absence of a clearly identifiable stress trigger
phobias irrational fear, such as arachnophobia, or fear of spiders
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) performing repetitive rituals to reduce anxiety
cognitive disorders deterioration of mental functions due to temporary brain or permanent brain dysfunction
dementia progressive confusion and disorientation
Alzheimer's disease degenerative brain disorder with gradual loss of cognitive abilities
mental retardation subaverage intellectual functioning
attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ASHD) inattention and impulsive disorder
autism condition involving deficits in social interaction, communication skills, and restricted patterns of behavior
dissociative disorders disorders in which severe emotional conflict is so repressed that a split in the personality may occur or the person may loss memory
amnesia loss of memory
dissociative identity disorder having two or more distinct personalities
anorexia nervosa refusal to eat
bulimia binge eating and intentional vomiting
Factitious disorders intentionally feigning illness symptoms in order to gain attention
malingering pretending to be ill or injured
impulse control disorder inability to resist an impulse to perform some act that is harmful to the individual or others
kleptomania stealing
pyromania setting fires
explosive disorders violent rages
pathological gambling inability to stop gambling
mood disorders characterized by instability in mood
major depression feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, worthlessness; lack of pleasure in any activity; potential for suicide
mania extreme elation
bipolar disorder (BPD) alternation between periods of deep depression and mania
personality disorders inflexible or maladaptive behavior patterns that affect a person's ability to function in society
paranoid personality disorder exaggerated feelings of persecution
narcissistic personality disorder abnormal sense of self-importance
antisocial personality disorder behaviors that are against legal or social norms
passive aggressive personality indirect expression of hostility or anger
Schizophrenia mental disorders characterized by distortions of reality
delusion a false belief held even in the face of contrary evidence
hallucination perceiving something that is not there
sexual disorders disorders include aberrant sexual activity and sexual dysfunction
pedophilia sexual interest in children
masochism gratification derived from being hurt or abused
voyeurism gratification derived from observing other engaged in sexual acts
sleeping disorders disorders relating to sleeping
insomnia inability to sleep
sleepwalking getting up and walking around unaware while sleeping
somatoform disorders patient has physical symptoms for which no physical disease can be determined
hypochondria a preoccupation with health concerns. Named for the location of the liver and spleen, below the rib cartilage. The ancient Greeks thought these organs controlled moond
conversion reaction anxiety is transformed into physical symptoms such a heart palpitations, paralysis or blindness
substance-related disorders overindulgence or dependence on chemical substances including alcohol, illegal drugs, and prescription drugs
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) It is not effective with disorders other than depression, such as schizophrenia and alcoholism. procedure occasionally used for cases of prolonged major depression. This controversial treatment involves placement of an electrode on one or both sides of the patient's head and a current is turned on briefly causing a convulsive seizure.
A low level of voltage is used in modern electroconvulsive therapy, and the patient is administered a muscle relaxant and anesthesia. Advocates of this treatment state that it is a more effective way to treat severe depression than using drugs.
psychopharmacology study of the effects of drugs on the mind and particularly the use of drugs in treating mental disorders. The main classes of drugs for the treatment of mental disorders are:
antipsychotic drugs by reducing patient agitation and panic and shortening schizophrenic episodes. One of the side effects of these drugs is involuntary muscle movements, which approximately one-fourth of all adults who take the drugs develop major tranquilizers include chlorpromazine (Thorazine), haloperidol (Haldol), clozapine (Clozaril), and risperidone. These drugs have transformed the treatment of patients with psychoses and schizophrenia
antidepressant drugs they can produce unpleasant side effects such as dry mouth, weight gain, blurred vision, and nausea classified as stimulants and alter the patient's mood by affecting levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, Antidepressants, such as serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, are nonaddictive but
minor tranquilizers include Valium and Xanax. These are also classified as central nervous system depressants and are prescribed for anxiety
lithium special category of drug used successfully to calm patients who suffer from bipolar disorder (depression alternating with manic excitement)
psychotherapy a method of treating mental disorders by mental rather than chemical or physical means
psychoanalysis encourages the patient to discuss repressed, painful, or hidden experiences with the hope of eliminating or minimizing the problem method of obtaining a detailed account of the past and present emotional and mental experiences from the patient to determine the source of the problem and eliminate the effects. It is a system developed by Sigmund Freud that
humanistic psychotherapy which builds patient therapist does not delve into patients' past when using these methods. Instead, it is believed that patients can learn how to use their own internal resources to deal with their problems. The therapist creates a therapeutic atmosphere,
family and group psychotherapy often described as solution focused, the therapist places minimal emphasis on patient history and strong emphasis on having patient state and discuss goals and then find a way to achieve them.
anteroposterior view positioning the patient so that the X-rays pass through the body from the anterior side to the posterior side
barium (Ba) soft metallic element from the earth used as a radiopaque X-ray dye
film thin sheet of cellulose material coated with a light-sensitive substance that is used in taking photographs. There is a special photographic film that is sensitive to X-rays
film badge badge containing film that is sensitive to X-rays. This is worn by all personnel in radiology to measure the amount of X-rays to which they are exposed
lateral view positioning of the patient so that the side of the body faces the X-ray machine
oblique view positioning of the patient so that the X-rays pass through the body on an angle
posteroanterior view positioning of the patient so that the X-rays pass through the body from the posterior side to the anterior side
radiography making of X-ray pictures
radioisotope radioactive form of an element
radiologist physician who uses images to diagnose abnormalities and radiant energy to treat various conditions such as cancer
radiolucent structures that allow X-rays to pass through; expose the photographic plate and appear as black areas on the X-ray
radiopaque structures that are impenetrable to X-rays, appears as a light area on the radiograph ( X-ray)
roentgen unit for describing an exposure dose of radiation
scan recording on a photographic plate the emission of radioactive waves after a substance has been injected into the body
shield device used to protect against radiation
tagging attaching a radioactive material to a chemical, and tracing it as it moves through the body
uptake absorption of radioactive material and medicines into an organ or tissue
X-ray high-energy wave that can penetrate most solid matter and present the image on photographic film.
analgesic medication to relieve pain
anesthetic medication to produce partial complete loss of sensation
cauterization use of heat, cold, electricity, or chemicals to scar, burn, or cut tissues
circulating nurse nurse who assists the surgeon and scrub nurse by providing needed materials during the procedure and by handling the surgical specimen. This person does not wear sterile clothing and may enter and leave the operating room during the procedure
cryosurgery technique of exposing tissues to extreme cold to produce cell injury and destruction. Used in the treatment of malignant tumors or to control pain and bleeding
day surgery type of outpatient surgery in which the patient is discharged on the same day he or she is admitted; also called ambulatory surgery
dissection surgical cutting of parts for separation and study
draping process of covering the patient with sterile cloths that allow only the operative site to be exposed to the surgeon
electrocautery use of an electric current to stop bleeding by coagulating blood vessels
endoscopic surgery use of a lighted instrument to examine the interior of a cavity
hemostasis stopping the flow of blood using instruments, pressure, and/or medication
intraoperative period of time during surgery
laser surgery use of a controlled beam of light for cutting, hemostasis, or tissue destruction
perioperative period of time that includes before, during, and after a surgical procedure
postoperative (post-op) period of time immediately following the surgery
preoperative (preop, pre-op) period of time preceding surgery
resection to surgically cut out or remove; excision
scrub nurse surgical assistant who hands instruments to the surgeon. This person wears sterile clothing and maintains the sterile operative field
suture material used to close a wound or incision. Examples are catgut, silk thread, or staples. They may or may not be removed when the wound heals, depending on the type of material that is used.
carcinoma in situ (CIS) malignant tumor whose cells have not spread beyond the original site
encapsulated growth enclosed in a sheath of tissue that prevents tumor cells from invading surrounding tissue
hyperplasia excessive development of normal cells within an organ
invasive disease tendency of a malignant tumor to spread to immediately surrounding tissue and organs
metastasis movement and spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another. Metastases is plural
morbidity number representing the sick persons in p particular population
mortality number representing the deaths in a particular population
mutation change or transformation from the original
neoplasm new and abnormal growth or tumor. These can be benign or malignant
oncogenic cancer causing
primary site term used to designate where a malignant tumor first appeared
relapse return of disease symptoms after a period of improvement
remission period during which the symptoms of a disease or disorder leave. Can be temporary
biopsy (bx) excision of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination to assist in determining a diagnosis
cytologic testing examination of cells to determine their structure and origin. Pap smears are considered a form of cytologic testing
exploratory surgery surgery performed for the purpose of determining if cancer is present or if a known cancer has spread. Biopsies are generally performed
staging laparotomy surgical procedure in which the abdomen is entered to determine the extent and staging of a tumor
chemotherapy (Chemo) treating disease by using chemicals that have a toxic effect on the body, especially cancerous tissue
hormone therapy treatment of cancer with natural hormones or with chemicals that produce hormone-like effects
immunotherapy strengthening the immune system to attack cancerous cells
palliative therapy treatment designed to reduce the intensity of painful symptoms, but does not produce a cure
radiation therapy exposing tumors and surrounding tissues to X-rays, gamma rays, neutron, protons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors
radical surgery extensive surgery to remove as much tissue associated with a tumor as possible
radioactive implant embedding a radioactive source directly into tissue to provide a highly localized radiation dosage to damage nearby cancerous cells. Also called brachytherapy
computed tomography scan (CT scan) imaging technique that is able to produce a cross-sectional view of the body. X-ray pictures are taken at multiple angles through the body. A computer then uses all these images to construct a composite cross-section.
contrast studies radiopaque substances is injected or swallowed. X-rays are then taken that will outline the body structure containing the radiopaque substance.
Doppler ultrasonography use of ultrasound to record velocity of blood flowing through blood vessels. Used to detect blood clots and blood vessel obstructions
fluoroscopy X-rays strike a fluorescing screen rather than a photographic plate, causing it to glow. The glowing screen changes from minute to minute; therefore movement, such as the heart beating or the digestive tract moving, can be seen
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) emit radio-frequency signals that can be used to create an image use of electromagnetic energy to produce an image of soft tissues in any plane of the body. Atoms behave differently when placed in a strong magnetic field. When the body is exposed to this magnetic field the nuclei of the body's atoms
nuclear medicine commonly referred to as a scan use of radioactive substances to diagnose diseases. A radioactive substance known to accumulate in certain body tissues is injected or inhaled. After waiting for the substance to travel to the body area of interest, the radioactivity level is recorded.
positron emission tomography This may show an active area of the brain or a tumor image is produced following the injection of radioactive glucose. The glucose will accumulate in areas of high metabolic activity. Therefore, this process will highlight areas that are consuming a large quantity of glucose.
radiology use of high-energy radiation, X-rays, to expose a photographic plate. The image is a black-and-white picture with radiopaque structures such as bone appearing white and radiolucent tissue such as muscles appearing dark.
ultrasound (US) A computer is able to correlate speed of echo with density and produce an image. Used to visualize internal organs, heart valves, and fetuses. use of high-frequency sound waves to produce an image. Sound waves directed into the body from a transducer will bounce of internal structures and echo back to the transducer. The speed of the echo is dependent on the density of the tissue.
@ at
- a before
ac before meals
ad lib as desired
ante before
APAP acetaminophen (Tylenol)
aq aqueous (water)
ASA aspirin
bid twice a day
- c with
cap(s) capsule(s)
d day
d/c, DISC discontinue
DC, disc discontinue
DEA Drug Enforcement Agency
dil dilute
disp dispense
dtd give of such a dose
Dx diagnosis
et and
FDA Federal Drug Administration
gm gram
gr grain
gt drop
gtt drops
hs at bedtime
t one
ID intradermal
tt two
ttt three
IM intramuscular
inj injection
IV intravenous
kg kilogram
L liter
mcg microgram
mEq milliequivalent
mg milligram
mL milliliter
no sub no substitute
noc night
non rep do not repeat
NPO nothing by mouth
NS normal saline
od overdose
oint ointment
OTC over the counter
oz ounce
- p after
pc after meals
PCA patient-controlled administration
PDR Physician's Desk Reference
per with
po by mouth
prn as needed
pt patient
q every
qam every morning
qh every hour
qhs at bedtime
qid four times a day
qs quantity sufficient
Rx take
- s without
Sig label as follows/directions
sl under the tongue
sol solution
-- ss one-half
stat at once/immediately
Subc, SubQ subcutaneous
suppose, supp suppository
susp suspension
syr syrup
T, tbsp tablespoon
t, tsp teaspoon
tab tablet
tid three times a day
TO telephone order
top apply topically
VO verbal order
wt weight
x times
AD Alzheimer's disease
ADD attention-deficit disorder
ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
BPD bipolar disorder
CA chronological age
DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
MA mental age
MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
SAD seasonal effective disorder
67GA radioactive gallium
99mTc radioactive technetium
131I radioactive iodine
201TI radioactive thallium
133Xe radioactive xenon
Angio angiography
AP anteroposterior
Ba barium
BaE barium enema
CAT computerized axial tomography
Ci curie
CT computerized tomography
CXR chest X-ray
decub lying down
DI diagnostic imaging
DSA digital subtraction angiography
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatograpy
Fx fracture
GB gallbladder X-ray
IVC intravenous cholangiogram
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
LAT lateral
LGI lower gastrointestinal series
LL left lateral
mA milliampere
mCi millicurie
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
PA posteroanterior
PET positron emission tomography
PTC percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
R roentgen
Ra radium
rad radiation-absorbed dose
RL right lateral
RRT registered radiologic technologist
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
US ultrasound
AAROM active assistive range of motion
ADL activities of daily living
AROM active range of motion
EMG electromyogram
e-stim electrical stimulation
LE lower extremity
OT occupational therapy
PROM passive range of motion
PT physical therapy
ROM tange of motion
TENS transcutaneous electrical stimulation
UE upper extremity
US ultrasound
D & C dilation and curettage
Endo endoscopy
EUA exam under anesthesia
GA general anesthesia
I & D incision and drainage
MUA manipulation under anesthesia
OR operating room
PARR postanesthetic recovery room
preop, pre-op preoperative
prep preparation, prepared
T & A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TURP transurethral resection of prostate
bx biopsy
Ca cancer
chemo chemotherapy
CIS carcinoma in situ
5-FU 5-fluorouracil
GA gallium
mets metastases
MTX methotrexate
prot protocol
st stage
TNM tumor, nodes, metastases
capsul/o to box
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
electr/o electric current
habilitat/o ability
hydro water
my/o muscle
orth/o straight, correct
phon/o sound
physic/o body
prosthet/o addition
therm/o heat
Created by: Bearlover