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Criminal Just. Ch. 7

Chpt 7 Policing America

The 3 I's of policing are... Intelligence, Integrity, and Interaction
*What program had the biggest impact on changing the make up of the police force? Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Affirmative Action)
College Academies Schools combine the associates degree curriculum with the required training to become a peace officer.
Public Safety Officers Young 18 year olds who are hired as police community service officers with similar functions as police but cannot make arrests.
Name some innovative recruitment strategies used to increase the pool for potential police officers. Public Safety Officers, Police Cadet programs, and High School Tech programs.
Police Cadet Program Program that combines a college education with. Academy training/work experience in the police department
Tech Prep Program Community colleges and High Schools offer 11th and 12th graders law enforcement courses. Graduates are eligible for employment at 18.
What is the Merit System of employment for an officer? An independent civil service commission sets the qualifications, and rules of conduct. Officers are hired but only become tenured after meeting the set qualifications.
*What are some of the hurdles a candidate must approach to become an officer. (Name a minimum of 5). Medical exam, Physical test, Written exam, Background check, Psych exam, Oral interview, Academy, and Probation.
Average length of service for a typical Police Chief 10 years
What is the difference between full enforcement vs selective enforcement ? Full Enforcement means officers arrest for every violation, Selective Enforcement allows for officer discretion.
*What is the call that officers most despise answering? Why? Domestic Violence? Calls are dangerous, combatants often become uncooperative and refuse to press charges or testify, police interaction can serve to exacerbate the situation, these matters seem to dissipate on their own after awhile.
Racial profiling Detaining an individual based solely on their race
True or False, statistics do not support the view that minorities are stopped at a rate higher than non minorities. True. However, minorities are more likely to be searched and arrested when they are stopped.
*Copicide Suicide by cop
*What are some suggestions to help officers manage job stress? Talking to colleagues and mental health professionals, exercise, a healthy diet, eliminate caffiene and smoking, family support, religious support, change shift to fit lifestyle needs
Excessive Force Measure of coercion beyond what is necessary to subdue a suspect.
P.I.T. Precision intervention technique...the pit maneuver
Grass eaters Officers who accepted bribes in exchange for ignoring violations of the law.
Meat eaters Officers who actively sought out ways to make money illegally while on duty
*What is the general attitude of the public towards the police? Generally the public is satisfied with the quality of service. But, the level of confidence varies across racial lines.
*Name the factors that affect police discretion The nature of the crime, department policy, relationship between victim and offender, amount of evidence, preference of victim and demeanor of subject, legitimacy of the victim and the subjects socio-economic status.
When can an officer use deadly force? 1) arrest for a felony, 2) person making the arrest is a peace officer, 3) use of force will not impact innocent bystanders, 4) the arrestee used or threatened to use deadly force, 5) suspect is an immediate threat to public safety.
What are ways to reduce police corruption Hire officers with high moral standards, develop rigid departmental policies against corruption, discipline and prosecute violators, Internal Affairs, hold supervisors responsible, independent review, educate officers on cost of corruption
Created by: JeromeG