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Exam 5

Part E: Short Answer

QuestionAnswer
Type I Hypersensitivity reaction, Player, Sx, time before symptom occurs. -Anaphylactic -IgE Response -Hives, Hayfever <30 mins
Type II Hypersensitivity reaction, Player, Sx, time before symptom occurs. -Cyctitoxic -IgG or IgM -Graves Disease - 5-12hrs
Type III Hypersensitivity reaction, Player, Sx, time before symptom occurs. -Immune Complex -IgG -Food Allergies/Lupus - 3-8hrs
Type IV Hypersensitivity reaction, Player, Sx, time before symptom occurs. -Delayed Cell Mediated/Delayed Hypersensitivity -T Cells - Psoriasis - 24-48hrs
Difference between Spectrum antibiotics & example? Broad Band, like Tetracyline, covers a winder more diverse range of microbes.
Difference between Spectrum antibiotics & example? Narrow, like Streptomycin, covers a smaller selected grp.
Difference between medicating Humans bacterial infections ~vs~ a fungal infection? Bacterial is easier than fungal due to bacterial is further related to human. Fungi structure/functions are similar making it harder to tx.
4 Mechanisms for antibiotic resistance -Block entry -Inactivate enzymes -Alter Target Cells -Eject Abx
What are Bigeochemical Cycles and it's importance? Recycling of chemical elements by microorganism during cycles. Carbon, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Phosphorus
How does antibiotic resistance occur? -Using outdated or weakened antibiotics -Using abx for inappropriate uses -Using abx in animal feed -Failing to complete the prescribed regimen prescribed -Using someones else's left over rx
Why does HIV cause you to be immunosuppressed? -Envasion of the immune system in latency -Uses vacuoles by cell fusion and antigenic changes
Created by: arichardson_14