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Appendix A & C

ante- before; forward
anti- against
brady- slow
ect- outside; out
endo- within
hyper- above; excessive
hypo- below; deficient
micro- small
multi- many
peri- around; surrounding
post- after
pre- before; in front of
semi - half
super- above; over; excess
supra- above; on top of
tachy-a fast
-algia pain
-cytosis binding together
-ectomy vomit
-emesis blood
-emia origin; producing; forming
-itis inflammation
-oma tumor
-ostomy creation of an opening
-pathy disease
-phagia eating; swallowing
-plast surgical repair
-phea breathing
angi/o vessel
arthr/o joint
audi/o hearing;sound
bronchiol/o bronchiole
cardi/o heart
carcin/o cancer
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
conjuctiv/o conjuctiva
cry/o cold
cyst/o bladder, sac
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
lith/o stone
menig/o, meningi/o meninges (membrane)
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
nas/o nose
oste/o bone
phleb/o vein
pil/o hair
pneum/o lungs; air
myocardium heart muscle tissue
absorpition amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
accreditation granting recognitoin/ vouching for compliance with established criteria
ambulatory pharmacy located withing, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
automated dispensing technology electronic storage cabinets/robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
automated medication dispensing device drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner
bioavailability percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream
brand-name drug covered by a patient and is therefore only abailable from a single manufacturer
buccal solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket betweeen the cheek and gum and absorber through the cheek into the bloodstream
centralized dispensing automation technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label durg products for patients
centralized pharmacy services provided from one location in the hospital. Personell, resources, and functions primarily reside here.
certification a nongovernmental agency/association that grants recognition to an individual who has met specified qualifications
chain pharmacy part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies
community pharmacy stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
controlled substances drugs or chemicals that are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations
decentralized pharmacy services provided on or near patient as authorized by a prescription
drug distribution services distributing medications when medication is received by pharmacy and ends when medication is admistered to a patient
DEA administers and enforces federal laws for controlled and illegal substances
expectorate to cough up or spit
generic no longer covered by a patent and generally available from multiple manufactures (usually cheaper)
HIPAA enacted to establish guidelines for protection of patients' private health information
inhalant fine powder/ solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into respiratory tract
intracardiac injected directly into heart muscle
intradermal injected into top layers of skin
intramuscular injected directly into a large muscle mass and absorbed from muscle tissue into the bloodstream
intraperitoneal administered into perioneal space (abdominal cavity)
intrapleural administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lungs
intrathecal injected into the space around the spinal cord
intravenous injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
legend drug required by federal law to only be dispensed by prescription; older term for drugs that are now "Rx only"
licensure agency of the goverenment that grants permission for individual to engage in given occupation
lozenge hard, disc-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base
mail-order pharmacy prescriptions are dispensed by mail
medication order written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
National Drug Code (NDC) number unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification
ointment a semisolid medication dosage form that lubriates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery
over-the-counter (OTC) drugs without prescription
parenteral a route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract
patient counseling educating a patient regarding proper use of a prescribed drug
pharmacist licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy
pharmacy satellite physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
practice of pharmacy regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations
prescription written or verbal authorization for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent
primary prescription label a label affixed to a dispensed drug product
professional person who practices an occupation that requires special training
professionalism actively demonstrating behaviors of a professional
registration making a list or being enrolled in an existing list
STAT immediately
subcutaneous deposited in tissue just under skin
sublingual placed under tongue
subgingival administered between tooth and gum
technician skilled in specific profession
topical applied to skin, musous membranes, or other external parts of body
transdermal through the skin; percutaneous
Created by: kaelinbailey