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musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
fasci/o band,fascia(fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
fibr/o fiber,fibrous tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscles(visceral)
lumb/o loins(lower back)
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness,debility
-pathy disease
-plegia paralysis
-rrhaphy suture
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
-tomy incision
Flexion decreases the angles of a joint
extension increases the angle of a joint
adduction moves closer to the middle
abduction moves away from the midline
rotation move a bone around its axis
pronation turns the palm down
supination turns the palm up
eversion moves the sole of the foot inward
inversion moves the sole of the foot outward
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
plantar flexion lowers the foot (points the toes)
carp/o carpus(wrist bones)
cervic/o neck;cervix uteri(neck of the uterus)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
humer/o humerus(upper arm bone)
metacarp/o metacarpus(hand bone)
phalang/o phalanges(bones of the fingers and toes)
spondyl/o vertebra(back bone)
vertebr/o vertebra(backbone)
stern/o sternum(breastbone)
calcane/o calcaneum
femor/o femor(thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula(smaller, outer bone of the lower leg)
patell/o patella
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
radi/o radation,x-ray radius(lower arm bone on the thumb side)
tibi/o tibia (larger bone of the lower leg)
ankyl/o stiffiness;bent,crooked
arthr/o joint
chrondr/o cartilage
lamin/o lamina(part of the vertebral arch)
myel/o bone marrow;spinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
-clast to break;surgical fracture
-cyte cell
-desis binding fixation (of a bone or joint)
-malacia softening
-physis growth
-porosis porous
Created by: carter2
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