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Musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
fasci/o band, fascia(fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscle (visceral)
lumb/o loins(lower back)
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness, debility
-pathy disease
-plegia paralysis
-rrhaphy suture
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
-tomy incision
flexion decreases the angle of a joint
extension increases the angle of the joint
adduction moves closer to the midline
abduction moves away from the midline
rotation moves a bone around its axis
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
pronantion turns the palm hand
supination turns the palm up
eversion moves the sole of the foot inward
inversion moves the sole of the foot outward
plantar flexion lowers the foot (points the toes)
carp/o carpus (wrist bones)
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
metacarp/o metacarpus(hand bones)
phalang/o phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller, outer bone of lower leg)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/o pelvis
pel/i pelvis
radi/o radiation, x-ray
tibi/o tibia
ankyl/o stiffness; bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
lamin/o lamina
myel/o bone marrow;spinal cord
orth/o straight
oset/o bone
-clast to break; surgical fracture
-cyte cell
-desis binding, fixiation (of a bone or joint)
-malacia softening
-physis growth
-porosis porous
Created by: jayla16