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Musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
fasci/o band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscle (visceral)
lumb/o loins (lower back)
muscul/o muscle
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness, debility
-pathy disease
-plegia paralysis
-rrhapy suture
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
-tomy incision
Flexion decreases the angle of a joint
Extension increases the angle of a joint
Adduction moves closer to the midline
Abduction moves away from the midline
Rotation moves a bone around its axis
Pronation turns the palm down
Supination turns the palm up
Eversion moves the sole of the foot inward
Inversion moves the sole of the foot outward
Plantar flexion lowers the foot (points the toes)
carp/o carpus (wrist bones)
cervic/o neck;cervix uteri(neck of the uterus)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium(skull)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
metacarp/o metacarpus
phalang/o phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
vertebr/o vertebra
stern/o sternum (breastbones)
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller, outer bone of the lower leg)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
radi/o radiation,x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on the thumb side)
tibi/o tibia (larger bone of the lower leg)
ankyl/o stiffness;bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
lamin/o lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
myel/o bone marrow; soinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
-clast to break; surgical fracture
-cyte cell
-desis binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-malacia soft
-physis growth
-porosis porous
my/o muscle
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
Created by: carmeilya