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Grade 5 Theory

Wind Instruments - terms and definitions

TermDefinition
• Embouchure use of facial muscles and the shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece of woodwind instruments or the mouthpiece of the brass instruments. The word is of French origin and is related to the root bouche (fr.), 'mouth'.
• Double tonguing used when the music being performed has many rapid notes in succession too fast for regular articulation. In this case, the tongue makes a silent "tee-kee".Double-articulation allows the tongue to stop the airflow twice as fast when mastered.
• Flutter tonguing a wind instrument tonguing technique in which performers flutter their tongue to make a characteristic "FrrrrFrrrrr" sound.
• Crook short piece of curved metal tubing on the bassoon that links the double reed with the body of the instrument.
• Chalumeau lowest register of the clarinet, from E3 (lowest note) to A4 (high A, second space).
• Boehm System The Boehm system is a system of keywork for the flute, created by inventor and flautist Theobald Boehm between 1831 and 1847. It is also used for other woodwind instruments, with the exception of the bassoon.
• Heckel System (German) 17-key fingering system used by the bassoon with a range spanning four octaves; refined by Johann Adam Heckel.
• Speaker key a key or hole on a woodwind instrument to facilitate the production of the upper harmonics.
• Overblowing a technique used while playing a wind instrument which, primarily through manipulation of the supplied air (versus, e.g., a fingering change or operation of a slide), causes the sounded pitch to jump to a higher one.
• Clarino (clarion) The clarino register is the high register on a clarinet. It sounds bright and sweet like a trumpet (clarino), and is heard from afar.
• Break The "break" is the region on the clarinet where it becomes difficult to change between 1 finger and all fingers pressed down. The occurs at the end of the first register (called the chalumeau register) = A, second space - and the start of the second regi
Created by: musicteacher