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Pharm Drugs

Classifications

QuestionAnswer
What are Adrenergics? mimic naturally occuring catecholmines (epi, norepi,dopamine) and stimulate the release of norepinephrine.
What are Adrenocorticoids? suppresses the inflammatory and immune systems by inhibiting the synethesis of chemical mediators (prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and histamines)to decrease inflammation to reduce swelling, warmth, and reduce pain.
What are Alpha-andrengergic Blockers? They lower blood pressure by dilating the peripherial blood vessels, reducing peripheral resistance.
What are aminoglycosides? treat infections resistant to PCN, septicemia, UTI, infections of skin, soft tissue, and bone, gram negative bacillary menigitis.
What are Androgens? Testosterone used to promote maturation of male sex organs and development of secondary sex traits. promotes retention of calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium.
what are Angiotensin-Converting Enzymes Inhibitors? treat high B/P and heart failure.
What are Alpha-andrengergic Blockers? They lower blood pressure by dilating the peripherial blood vessels, reducing peripheral resistance.
What are aminoglycosides? treat infections resistant to PCN, septicemia, UTI, infections of skin, soft tissue, and bone, gram negative bacillary menigitis.
What are Angiotensin II receptor antagonists? Vasodilates arterioles by blocking the effects of angiotensin II, enhances renal clearance of sodium and water.
What are Anticholinergics? Spastic conditions including Parkinson's, Muscle dystonia, muscle rigidity, and extra pyramidal disorders.
What are Anticoagulants? Prevent clots formation in pt's with DVT, and Pulmonary Embolism, provide anticoagulation during hemodialysis, prevention of post op clots, decrease risk of stroke and risk of MI in pt's with atherosclerosis.
What are Antihistamines? Tx vertigo, nausea, pruritis, allergies, vomiting, sedation, suppression of cough, dyskinesia.
What is a Anxiolytic Skeletal Muscle Relaxant? anxiety, muscle spasm, tetanus, acute alcohol withdrawal, adjunct for epilepsy.
What is Barbituates? Seizure disorder, (tonic-clonic and partial seizures) sedation, hyponosis, preanesthesia, psychiatric use.
What is Benzodiazepines? Enhance/ facilitate actions of the gamma-aminobutryic acid (GABA) seizure, anticonvulsant, anxiety, tension, insomnia, adjunct for conscious sedation, tremors, delirium, schizophrenia, neonatal opiate withdrawal, nausea and vomiting induced by chemo.
What are Beta Blockers? reduce the workload of the heart by blocking the sympathetic conductance at the beta receptors on the SA node and myocardial cells, thus decreasing the force of contraction and causing a reduction of the heart rate.
What are Bile Acid Sequestrants? lowering cholesterol
What are Calcium Channel Blockers? relaxes smooth muscle to provide vasodilation and affects cardiac muscle to reduce HR and SV.
What are Cephalosporin? Antibiotics that inhibit bacterial wall synthesis, causing bacterial cell death.
What are Loop Duiretics? Increase the excretion of water and sodium and control high B/P and fluid retention.
What is a Potassium Sparing Duiretic? Less potent than the other types, protects against potassium loss as it increases excretion of water and sodium.
What is a Thiazide Duiretic? edema caused by heart failure, and nephritic syndromes, edema caused by pregnancy, HTN, Diabetes Insipidus.
What are Estrogens? menopause, carcinoma of prostate, cardiovascular risk prevention, prophylaxis of postmenopausal osteoporosis, contraception, some used in tx of breast cancer.
What are Fluoroquinolones? antibacterial agent used against aerobic gram positive and gram negative orgamisms.
What are Histamine-Receptor Antagonists? duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcer, hypersecretory states, acid reflux, esophagitis, stress ulcer prophylaxis.
What are HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors? hypercholsterol mixed dyslipidemia, secondary precention fo cardiovascular events (except atorvastatin).
What are Leukotriene Receptor Blockers? tx of Asthma
What are Nitrates? tx angina pectoris, acute MI, Hypertensive emergencies, heart failure and pulmonary edema associated with MI.
What are Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory (NSAIDS)? analgesic and anti-inflammatory antipyretic needs.
What are Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors? used in combination with other drugs to tx HIV infections and AIDS, prevention of maternal/ fetal tramsmission of HIV infection after an occpational exposure.
What are Opoids? often used in combination with other medications, particularly acetaminophen for analgesic to moderate to severe pain.
What are Histamine-Recpetor Antagonists? duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcer, hypersecretory states, acid reflux, esophagitis, stress ulcer prophylaxis.
What are Opoid Mixed Agonist-Antagonist? Drugs which have both agonistic and antiagonistic properties; usually potent analgesics but less addictive than pure opoids.
What are Penicillin? family of effective antibiotics with low toxicity.
What are Phenothizines? psychoses involving hallucination, agitation, manic phase of bipolar, nausea and vomiting induced by CND dysfunction, anxiety, severe behavorial problems, porphyria, delirium, neurogenic problems.
What are Progestins? Hormonal imbalance in women, endometriosis, carcinoma, contraception.
What are Protease Inhibitors? Antiviral medication sused with HIV pt's.
What are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors? enhance serotonergic transmission through blocked reuptake at the synapse.
What are Skeletal Muscle Relaxant I? Polysynaptic inhibitors (inhibit interneuron transmission in the spinal cord)
What are Skeletal Muscle Relaxant II? indirect and direct skeletal muscle relaxants.
What are Sulfonamides? First drugs used to treat systemic bacterial infections.
What are Sulfonylureas? Lower blood glucose levels by stimulating insulin relase from the pancreas.
What are Tatracycline? antibiotic
What are Thrombolytic Enzymes? developed to reduce a blood clot and precent the permanent ischemic damage.
What are Tricyclic Antidepressants? enhance adrengeric neurotransmitter transmission through blocked reuptake at the synapse.
What are Vitamin K Inhibitors? used to tx Pulomary embolism, DVT, MI, atrial arrhythmias.
Created by: harris_51698