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Cell Cycle & Cancer

TermDefinition
anaphase (I and II) chromosomes pulled apart
cancer uncontrolled cellular growth and division
centriole cell part that sends out spindle fibers and is the center of new daughter cells
centromere where sister chromatids are held together
chromatin relatively thin and unbound DNA during interphase
chromosome a piece of DNA
crossing over exchange of genetic material during metaphase
cytokinesis division of cytoplasm and cell parts
daughter cell created during mitosis
diploid two copies of each chromosome in the cell (46 in humans)
equator midpoint of the cell
gamete egg or sperm cell
haploid one copy of each chromosome in the cell (23 in humans)
homologous pair chromosomes that code for the same genes; one from mom, one from dad
karyotype image of all the chromosomes in a cell
metaphase (I and II) chromosomes align at the equator
nondisjunction sister chromatids fail to separate in anaphase
prophase (I and II) chromosomes condense and become visible, nuclear envelope disappears
sister chromatids twin copies of a chromosome held together by a centromere
spindle fibers cytoskeleton parts that move the chromosomes during cell division
synthesis create or make
telophase (I and II) chromosomes decondense, nuclear envelope begins to reform
Asexual reproduction by mitosis (binary fission) performed by single celled organisms
Sexual reproduction by merging of gametes; results in greater genetic diversity
Created by: mrbstp