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Science Review 1

Plants and Animals

products of photosynthesis oxygen and glucose
raw materials of photosynthesis (starting materials) carbon dioxide and water
products of respiration carbon dioxide, water, and energy
raw materials of respiration glucose and oxygen
define: photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
organelle in photosynthesis Chloroplasts
organelle for respiration Mitochondria
equation for photosynthesis 6CO2 + 6H2O ------> C6H12O6 + 6O2
formula for glucose C6H12O6
characteristics of all plants multicellular, chlorophyll, cellulose cell wall, roots or root structures, eukaryotic, adapted to nearly every environment, immobile, most have cuticle or waxy protective layer, need water, light, minerals, nutrients and CO2.
difference between vascular and non-vascular plants vascular(internal, tube-like structures:xylem and phloem) and non-vascular (no tubes)
gymnosperms seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and Gnetales. The term "gymnosperm" comes from the Greek meaning "naked seeds", after the unenclosed condition of their seeds (called ovules in their unfertilized state).
conifers Typical examples of conifers include cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews
angiosperms flowering plants, Angiosperms are seed-producing plants
examples of cold-blooded animals reptiles, amphibians, fish (turtles, snakes, clownfish)
examples of crustaceans lobsters, crabs, shrimp, barnacles
examples of seedless vascular plants whisk ferns, horsetails, ferns, club mosses
producers bottom of the food chain, grass, wheat (plants) and phytoplankton
decomposers mushrooms, fungi, earthworms
arthropods characteristics: sheds exoskeleton to grow, paired jointed appendages, segmented bodies, bilateral symmetry, circulatory system is open and dorsal (on the back), nervous system is ventral (belly)
characteristics of mollusks unsegmented soft body most have internal or external shell have a mantle - a fold in the body wall that secretes the hard prtesctive shell muscular foot and/or tentacles have a radula - a toothed structure used to grate food two pairs of gills
Characteristics of sponges (Porifera) exoskeleton, respiration through diffusion of oxygen from flow of oxygen through the body, mainly immobile
Created by: cmarcolini