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B&PL 4.1 Vocab

TermDefinition
Duty A moral or legal obligation; a responsibility
Breach of Duty The neglect or failure to fulfill in a just and proper manner the duties of an office or fiduciary employment
Criminal Act An act committed by a person that violates a law and which is punishable by the government
Embezzlement Theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one's trust or belonging to one's employer
Vicarious criminal liability A legal doctrine that assigns liability for an injury to a person who did not cause the injury but who has a particular legal relationship to the person who did act negligently
Juvenile delinquency The habitual committing of criminal acts or offenses by a young person, especially one below the age at which ordinary criminal prosecution is possible
Felony A crime punishable by confinement for more that a year in a state prison or by a fine of more than 1,000 or both
Hate crimes A crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically one involving violence
Misdemeanor A less serious crime usually is punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for one year or less, by a fine of 1,000 or less or both
Infractions A violation or infringement of a law, agreement, or set of rules. Persons convicted of infractions can only be fined.
White-collar crimes A non-violent crime that is committed by someone, typically for financial gain
Antitrust laws States that competing companies may not cooperate in fixing prices or dividing sales regions
Larceny Theft of personal property
Robbery The action of robbing a person or place
Burglary Entry into a building illegally with intent to commit a crime, especially theft
Fence One who receives stolen property
False pretenses Behavior intended to deceive others
Forgery Falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another
Bribery Persuade someone to act in one's favor, typically illegally or dishonestly, by a gift of money or other inducement.
Extortion The practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force or threats
Conspiracy A secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful
Arson The criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property
Created by: sstanford0518