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GCSE Music

AoS4 Timbre & Dynamics

TermDefinition
Solo Instrument or voice alone
Ensemble A group of instruments
Duet, Trio, Quartet 2, 3 or 4 players in a group
Brass/String/Woodwind Ensemble Larger groups of players in their family groupings.
Jazz Band Typically kit drums, acoustic bass, rhythm guitar, solo instruments (ie. trumpet, clarinet, saxophone etc.)
Big Band Larger jazz band, Saxophones (Alto, Tenor, Baritone), Brass (Trumpet & Trombone) Rhythm section (Piano, guitar, drum kit)
African Instruments Djembe, Dundun, (drums) Balafon Sanza (tuned percussion)
Indian Instruments Tabla (drum) Sitar, Zither, Sarangi (types of 'guitar') Tanpura (drone)
Caribbean Instruments Congas, Bongos, (Drums) Steel Pans, (Tuned percussion) Agogo bell, Maracas, Guiro, Tambourine, Cowbell, Triangle
Latin American Instruments Surdo, Repenique, Timbale (drums), Claves, Caixa, Apito
DYNAMICS The change in volume of a sound
fortissimo ff - Very loud
forte f - Loud
mezzo forte mf - moderately loud
mezzo piano mp moderately quiet
fortepiano fp initially loud then striaghtaway quiet
sforzando stab loud often a chord
crescendo gradually getting louder
diminuendo gradually getting quieter
Created by: kipple