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BC'S Bones & Joints

Collagen The main structural protein of the various connective tissues in animals mostly found in fibrous tissues such as tendons, ligaments and skin.
Ligaments Hold two bones together and keep the joints from moving.
Tendons Fibrous bands of connective tissue that join the muscle to the bone.
Synovial fluid Lubricant between joints.
Ball and Socket Joint The end of one bone is shaped like a ball. It fits the end of another bone that is shaped like a cup or socket. E.g - Shoulder
Hinge Joint Another type of synovial joint. They occur where the extremities of two joining bones fit like a hinge. E.g - Elbow
Sliding Joint Only allow movement side to side or back to front The joints between the ribs and the vertebral joints are sliding joints. E.g - Back
Pivot Joint Only capable of rotation. For example The atlas and axis the first and second vertebrae in the spinal column. The first vertebrae ( atlas) rotates around a peg like projections of the second vertebrae. E.g - Wrists
Double Hinge Joint Is like a hinge joint that allows sideways movement eg spreading the fingers. E.g - Thumb
Cartilage Made up of tough flexible protein fibers which form a smooth, frictionless surface around a joint or the support for structures.
Created by: BC_1998