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Med Terms- 26

TermDefinition
lower respiratory system includes trachea, bronchi, lungs, pleura
respiratory therapist administers oxygen therapy
alveoli air sacs
dilated bronchus bronchiectasis
pertaining to a bronchiole bronchiolar
record of bronchus bronchogram
abnormal condition of being blue cyanosis
surgical removal of a lobe lobectomy
breathing (sitting up) straight orthopnea
instrument for measuring oxygen oximeter
process of measuring oxygen oximetry
pleura protective sac around lungs
puncture pleura to withdraw fluid pleurocentesis
insufficient (shallow) breathing hypopnea
slow breathing bradypnea
spitting up blood hemoptysis
instrument to measure breathing spirometer
pus in chest pyothorax
trachea windpipe
cutting into the trachea tracheotomy
arterial blood gases (ABGs) lab test for levels of oxygen
asphyxiation suffocation
aspirate inhaling fluid of foreign object into airways
bronchogenic carcinoma tumor that originates in bronchi
croup acute viral infection in infants and children
cystic fibrosis (CF) genetic condition causes patient to produce thick mucus; die in 30s
emphysema leads to overinflated alveoli
hypoxia insufficient amount of oxygen in body
infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) hyaline membrane disease (HMD)
pleural effusion fluid or gas in pleural cavity
pneumonia alveoli fill with fluid
pneumothorax can result in collapsed lung
postural drainage uses gravity to promote drainage
pulmonary angiography injecting dye into blood vessel
pulmonary embolism (PE) blood clot in pulmonary artery
pulmonary function test (PFT) asses respiratory function by using spirometer to measure air flow
purulent containing pus
rales crackling sound during inhalation
rhonchi wheezing
sever acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) worldwide epidemic in 2003
sputum mucus of phlegm
sputum culture and sensitivity (C&S) test to identiry and treat bacterial infections
sputum cytology examination of sputum for cancerous cells
sweat test test for cystic fibrosis
ventilator respirator
Created by: briannasmith12
 

 



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