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Flashcards for nursing students

Bowel Elimination the passage and dispelling of stool through the intestinal tract by means of intestinal smooth muscle contraction}
Urinary Elimination the passage of urine out of the urinary tract through the urinary sphincter and urethra
Continence the purposeful control of urinary or fecal elimination
Retention keeping within the body materials normally excreted
Stress Incontinence loss of small amounts of urine during coughing sneezing, jogging, etc.; patients cannot tighten the urethra enough to overcome the increased bladder pressure, may be due to weakened pelvic muscles; the most common type of incontinence
Urge Incontinence the perception of an urgent need to urinate as a result of bladder contractions, regardless of the volume of urine in the bladder; aka overactive bladder
Functional Incontinence occurs as a result of factors other than abnormal function of the bladder and urethra; could be due to loss of cognitive function (i.e, patients with dementia
Impaction stool that is wedged into the rectum with diarrhea fluid leaking around the impacted stool; use a gloved, lubricated finger for digital removal of stool
Fecal Incontinence inability to control defecation, often caused by diarrhea; assess for causes, such as medications, infections, or impaction; provide perineal care after each stool and apply a moisture barrier
Transient Incontinence temporary urinary incontinence
Created by: malvsl