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1.02 key terms

Kane'sha Thomas

Answer The response to a civil complaint
Arraignment/Initial Hearing the charged person is brought before a judge to determine probable cause to have the case heard by a grand jury for possible indictment (if a felony charge). This arraignment is also used to change or set any bail requirements.
Arrest a person who has allegedly committed a felony offense or a serious misdemeanor offense that does not meet the requirements for a person to be released on a signature summons.
Civil Court The civil jurisdiction of the trial court divisions
Closing Arguments Closing arguments are each parties’ principal opportunity to remind jurors about key evidence presented and to persuade them to adopt an interpretation favorable to their position
Complainant (plaintiff) The person or entity bringing or filing
Complaint The initial pleading by which a lawsuit is begun
Criminal Court The criminal jurisdiction of the trial courts depends on
Defendant The person or entity against which the lawsuit is brought
Evidence Item such as a coroner's report, a weapon in a criminal case or photographs in a civil case that can help corroborate or refute the testimony of other witnesses
Federal District Courts The district court is the lowest level of Federal court with general jurisdiction.
Grand Jury a panel of eighteen citizens that is randomly drawn from the same pool as those selected for jury duty for a trial
Initial Bail the arrested person is taken before a magistrate and based on the charge
Jury Instructions instructions that are given by the trial judge that specifically state what the defendant can be found guilty of and what the prosecution or plaintiff has to prove in order for a guilty verdict
Jury Selection attorneys for both prosecution (plaintiff if civil) are allowed to strike a specific number of jurors without justification.
Juvenile Court The district court has exclusive, original jurisdiction over all juvenile cases
Magistrates’ Court Magistrates hold court in both civil and criminal matters as officers of the district court under the supervisory authority of the chief district court judge.
N. C. Court of Appeals The Court of Appeals is an intermediate appellate court that was created to relieve the Supreme Court of a portion of its heavy caseload.
N. C. District Court District Court divisions are the trial court divisions that hold trials to determine the facts of cases
N. C. Superior Court the Superior and District Court divisions are the trial court divisions that hold trials to deter mine the facts of cases.
N. C. Supreme Court The Supreme Court is the state’s highest court
Opening Statement The opening statement at the beginning of the trial is limited to outlining facts
Pleadings General term used to refer to papers requesting something or responding to a request that are filed in the case, including the complaint and answer
Summons Issued by the Clerk of Court usually at the time of filing the complaint, and is the official notice of the lawsuits
Testimony A declaration by a witness under oath, as that given before a court or deliberative body.
U. S. Court of Appeals the court of appeals have appellate jurisdiction over the district courts, certain specialized federal courts and many Federal agencies
U. S. Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction
Voir dire is a French term which means “to speak the truth.”
Created by: kbnthomas